Parsha Chukat

At a Glance

    Torah Reading: Numbers 19:1-22:1
    Prophets’ Reading: Judges 11:1-33
    Apostles’ Reading: John 3:1-21

 

Blessing for Beginning the Service

    Reader:  “Bless the Lord, who is to be blessed.”

    Response:  “Blessed is the Lord, who is to blessed forever and ever.”

    Reader:  “Blessed is the Lord, who is to be blessed.”

 

Opening Blessing for the Torah Reading

    Reader:  “Blessed are You, Lord our God, King of the Universe, who chose us from all the peoples, and gave to us His Torah. Blessed are You, Lord, giver of the Torah.”

 

Torah Portion: Numbers 19:1-22:1

    19:1 And the Lord spoke to Moses and to Aaron, saying, 19:2 “This is the statute of the law which the Lord has commanded, saying, ‘Speak to the children of Israel, that they bring you a red heifer, faultless, in which there is no blemish, and which has never had a yoke placed on it. 19:3 And you shall give her to Eleazar the priest, and she shall be brought forth without the camp, and she shall be slain before his face. 19:4 And Eleazar the priest shall take some of her blood with his finger, and sprinkle her blood toward the front of the tent of meeting seven times. 19:5 And the heifer shall be burnt in his sight; her skin, her flesh, and her blood, with her dung, shall be burnt. 19:6 And the priest shall take cedar wood, hyssop, and scarlet, and cast it into the midst of the burning of the heifer. 19:7 Then the priest shall wash his clothes, and he shall bathe his flesh in water; and afterward he may come into the camp, and the priest shall be unclean until the evening. 19:8 And he that burns her shall wash his clothes in water, and bathe his flesh in water, and shall be unclean until the evening. 19:9 And a man that is clean shall gather up the ashes of the heifer, and store them up outside the camp in a clean place, and it shall be kept for the congregation of the children of Israel for a water of sprinkling; it is a purification from sin. 19:10 And he that gathers the ashes of the heifer shall wash his clothes, and be unclean until the evening; and it shall be to the children of Israel, and to the stranger that sojourns among them, as a statute forever.

    19:11 “‘He that touches the dead, even any man’s dead body, shall be unclean for seven days; 19:12 he shall purify himself on the third day and on the seventh day, and he shall be clean; but if he does not purify himself on the third day and on the seventh day, then he shall not be clean. 19:13 Whoever touches the dead, even the body of any dead man, and does not purify himself, he has defiled the tabernacle of the Lord. That soul shall be cut off from Israel; because the water of sprinkling was not dashed against him, he shall be unclean; his uncleanness is still upon him.

    19:14 “‘This is the law: when a man dies in a tent, everyone that comes into the tent, and everything that is in the tent, shall be unclean for seven days. 19:15 And every open vessel, which has no covering closed upon it, is unclean. 19:16 And whoever in the open field touches one that is slain with a sword, or one that dies of himself, or a bone of a man, or a grave, shall be unclean for seven days. 19:17 And for the unclean they shall take of the ashes of the burning of the purification from sin, and running water shall be put into a vessel. 19:18 And a clean person shall take hyssop, and dip it in the water, and sprinkle it upon the tent, and upon all the vessels, and upon the persons that were there, and upon him that touched the bone, or the slain, or the dead, or the grave. 19:19 And the clean person shall sprinkle it upon the unclean on the third day, and on the seventh day, and on the seventh day he shall purify him; and he shall wash his clothes, and bathe himself in water, and shall be clean at evening. 19:20 But the man that shall be unclean, and shall not purify himself, that soul shall be cut off from the midst of the assembly, because he has defiled the sanctuary of the Lord; the water of sprinkling has not been dashed against him; he is unclean. 19:21 And it shall be a perpetual statute to them, and he that sprinkles the water of sprinkling shall wash his clothes; and he that touches the water of sprinkling shall be unclean until evening. 19:22 And whatever the unclean person touches shall be unclean; and the soul that touches him shall be unclean until the evening.’”

    20:1 And the children of Israel, even the whole congregation, came into the wilderness of Zin in the first month. And the people remained in Kadesh; and Miriam died there, and was buried there. 20:2 And there was no water for the congregation; and they assembled themselves together against Moses and against Aaron. 20:3 And the people strove with Moses, and spoke, saying, “If only we had died when our brethren died before the Lord! 20:4 Why have you brought the assembly of the Lord into this wilderness, to die there, both we and our cattle? 20:5 Why have you caused us to come up out of Egypt, to bring us to this evil place? It is a place of neither seed, nor figs, nor vines, nor pomegranates; neither is there any water to drink.”

    20:6 And Moses and Aaron went from the presence of the assembly to the door of the tent of meeting, and fell upon their faces; and the glory of the Lord appeared to them.

    20:7 And the Lord spoke to Moses, saying, 20:8 “Take the rod, and assemble the congregation, both you and your brother Aaron, and speak to the rock before their eyes, that it gives forth its water; and you shall bring forth water to them out of the rock, so you shall give something to drink to the congregation and their cattle.” 20:9 And Moses took the rod from before the Lord, as He commanded him.

    20:10 And Moses and Aaron gathered the assembly together before the rock, and he said to them, “Hear now, you rebels; are we to bring forth water for you out of this rock?” 20:11 And Moses lifted up his hand, and struck the rock twice with his rod; and water came forth abundantly, and the congregation drank, both them and their cattle.

    20:12 And the Lord said to Moses and Aaron, “Because you did not believe in Me, to sanctify Me in the eyes of the children of Israel, therefore you shall not bring this assembly into the land which I have given them.” 20:13 These are the waters of Meribah, where the children of Israel struggled with the Lord, and He was sanctified in them.

    20:14 And Moses sent messengers from Kadesh to the king of Edom, “This is what your brother Israel has to say: ‘You know all the trouble that has come upon us, 20:15 how our fathers went down into Egypt, and we dwelt in Egypt for a long time; and the Egyptians dealt poorly with us, and our fathers; 20:16 and when we cried to the Lord, He heard our voice, and sent an angel, and brought us forth out of Egypt; and, behold, we are in Kadesh, a city in the farthest part of your border. 20:17 I ask you to let us pass through your land; we will not pass through field or through vineyard, neither will we drink of the water of the wells. We will go along the king’s highway, and we will not turn aside to the right hand, nor to the left, until we have crossed your border.”

    20:18 And Edom said to him, “You shall not pass through me, or else I will come out with the sword against you.”

    20:19 And the children of Israel said to him, “We will go up by the highway; and if we drink of your water, both I and my cattle, then I will pay the price of it; just let me pass through on my feet, and there is no harm.”

    20:20 And he said, “You shall not pass through.” And Edom came out against him with many people, and with a strong hand. 20:21 So Edom refused to give Israel passage through his border; Israel therefore turned away from him.

    20:22 And they journeyed from Kadesh; and the children of Israel, even the whole congregation, came to mount Hor. 20:23 And the Lord spoke to Moses and Aaron in mount Hor, by the border of the land of Edom, saying, 20:24 “Aaron shall be gathered to his people; for he shall not enter into the land which I have given to the children of Israel, because you rebelled against My Word at the waters of Meribah. 20:25 Take Aaron and his son Eleazar, and bring them up to mount Hor. 20:26 And strip Aaron of his garments, and put them on his son Eleazar; and Aaron shall be gathered to his people, and shall die there.”

    20:27 And Moses did as the Lord commanded; and they went up to mount Hor in the sight of all the congregation. 20:28 And Moses stripped Aaron of his garments, and put them upon his son Eleazar; and Aaron died there on the top of the mount; and Moses and Eleazar came down from the mount. 20:29 And when all the congregation saw that Aaron was dead, they wept over Aaron for thirty days, even all the house of Israel.

    21:1 And the Canaanite, the king of Arad, who dwelt in the South, heard a word that Israel came by the way of Atharim; and he fought against Israel, and took some of them captive. 21:2 And Israel vowed a vow to the Lord, and said, “If You will indeed deliver this people into my hand, then I will utterly destroy their cities.”

    21:3 And the Lord listened to the voice of Israel, and delivered up the Canaanites; and they utterly destroyed both them and their cities; and the name of the place was called Hormah.

    21:4 And they journeyed from mount Hor, by the way to the Red Sea, to go around the land of Edom; and the soul of the people became impatient because of the route. 21:5 And the people spoke against God, and against Moses, “Why have you brought us up out of Egypt to die in the wilderness? For there is no bread, and there is no water; and our soul detests this light bread.”

    21:6 And the Lord sent fiery serpents among the people, and they bit the people; and many people of Israel died. 21:7 And the people came to Moses, and said, “We have sinned, because we have spoken against the Lord, and against you; pray to the Lord, that He will take away the serpents from us.”

    And Moses prayed for the people.

    21:8 And the Lord said to Moses, “Make a fiery serpent, and set it on a pole; and it shall come to pass, that everyone that is bitten, when he sees it, shall live.”

    21:9 And Moses made a serpent of brass, and set it upon the pole; and it came to pass, that if a serpent had bitten anyone, when he looked to the serpent of brass, he lived.

    21:10 And the children of Israel journeyed, and pitched in Oboth. 21:11 And they journeyed from Oboth, and pitched at Ije Abarim, in the wilderness which is in front of Moab, toward the rising of the sun. 21:12 From there they journeyed, and camped in the valley of Zered. 21:13 From there they journeyed, and camped on the other side of the Arnon, which is in the wilderness, that comes out of the border of the Amorites; for Arnon is the border of Moab, between Moab and the Amorites; 21:14 therefore it is said in the Book of the Wars of the Lord, “Vaheb in Suphah, and the valleys of Arnon, 21:15 and the slope of the valleys that incline toward the seat of Ar, and leans upon the border of Moab.” 21:16 And from there to Beer– that is, the well of which the Lord said to Moses, “Gather the people together, and I will give them water.”

    21:17 Then Israel sang this song: “Spring up, O well– sing to it– 21:18 the well, which the princes dug, which the nobles of the people excavated, with the sceptre, and with their staffs.”

    And from the wilderness to Mattanah; 21:19 and from Mattanah to Nahaliel; and from Nahaliel to Bamoth; 21:20 and from Bamoth to the valley that is in the field of Moab, by the top of Pisgah, which looks down upon the desert.

    21:21 And Israel sent messengers to Sihon, king of the Amorites, saying, 21:22 “Let me pass through your land; we will not turn aside into field, or into vineyard; we will not drink of the water of the wells; we will go by the king’s highway, until we have crossed your border.”

    21:23 And Sihon would not permit Israel to pass through his border; but Sihon gathered all his people together, and went out against Israel in the wilderness, and came to Jahaz; and he fought against Israel.21:24 And Israel struck him with the edge of the sword, and possessed his land from the Arnon to the Jabbok, even to the children of Ammon; for the border of the children of Ammon was strong. 21:25 And Israel took all these cities; and Israel dwelt in all the cities of the Amorites, in Heshbon, and in all the its towns. 21:26 For Heshbon was the city of Sihon, king of the Amorites, who had fought against the former king of Moab, and taken all his land out of his hand, even to the Arnon. 21:27 Therefore they that speak in parables say, “Come to Heshbon! Let the city of Sihon be built and established! 21:28 For a fire has gone out of Heshbon, a flame from the city of Sihon; it has devoured Ar of Moab, the lords of the high places of Arnon. 21:29 Woe to you, Moab! You are undone, O people of Chemosh; he has given his sons as fugitives, and his daughters into captivity, to Sihon, king of the Amorites. 21:30 We have shot at them– Heshbon has perished– even to Dibon; and we have laid waste, even to Nophah, which reaches to Medeba.” 21:31 So Israel dwelt in the land of the Amorites.

    21:32 And Moses sent to spy out Jazer, and they took its towns, and drove out the Amorites that were there. 21:33 And they turned, and went up by the way of Bashan; and Og, king of Bashan, went out against them, both he and all his people, to battle at Edrei. 21:34 And the Lord said to Moses, “Do not be afraid of him; for I have delivered him into your hand, and all his people, and his land; and you shall do to him as you did to Sihon, king of the Amorites, who dwelt at Heshbon.” 21:35 So they struck him, and his sons, and all his people, until there was none left remaining; and they possessed his land. 22:1 And the children of Israel journeyed, and camped in the plains of Moab beyond the Jordan at Jericho.

 

Closing Blessing for the Torah Reading

    Reader:  “Blessed are You, Lord our God, King of the Universe, who gave us the Torah of Truth, and set everlasting life in our midst. Blessed are You, Lord, giver of the Torah.

 

Opening Blessing for the Prophets’ Reading

    Reader:  “Blessed are You, Lord our God, King of the Universe, who chose good prophets, and was pleased with their words, which were spoken in truth. Blessed are You, Lord, who chose the Torah, and Moses His prophet, and Israel His people, and the prophets of truth and righteousness.”

 

Prophets’ Reading: Judges 11:1-33

    11:1 Now Jephthah the Gileadite was a mighty man of valor, and he was the son of a harlot; and Gilead begot Jephthah. 11:2 And Gilead’s wife bore him sons; and when his wife’s sons grew up, they drove out Jephthah, and said to him, “You shall not inherit in our father’s house; for you are the son of another woman.” 11:3 Then Jephthah fled from his brethren, and dwelt in the land of Tob; and it was there that vain fellows were gathered to Jephthah, and they went out with him.

    11:4 And it came to pass, after a while, that the children of Ammon made war against Israel. 11:5 And it was so, that when the children of Ammon made war against Israel, the elders of Gilead went to fetch Jephthah from out of the land of Tob. 11:6 And they said to Jephthah, “Come and be our chief, that we may fight with the children of Ammon.”

    11:7 And Jephthah said to the elders of Gilead, “Did you not hate me, and drive me out of my father’s house? Why have you come to me now when you are in distress?”

    11:8 And the elders of Gilead said to Jephthah, “It is for this reason that we have returned to you now, that you may go with us, and fight with the children of Ammon, and you shall be our head over all the inhabitants of Gilead.”

    11:9 And Jephthah said to the elders of Gilead, “If you bring me back home to fight with the children of Ammon, and the Lord delivers them before me, then I will be your head.”

    11:10 And the elders of Gilead said to Jephthah, “The Lord shall be witness between us; surely, according to your word, we will do so.” 11:11 Then Jephthah went with the elders of Gilead, and the people made him head and chief over them; and Jephthah spoke all his words before the Lord in Mizpah.

    11:12 And Jephthah sent messengers to the king of the children of Ammon, saying, “What do you have to do with me, that you have come to me to fight against my land?”

    11:13 And the king of the children of Ammon answered the messengers of Jephthah, “Because Israel took away my land, when he came up out of Egypt, from the Arnon even to the Jabbok, and to the Jordan; now therefore, restore those cities peaceably.”

    11:14 And Jephthah sent messengers again to the king of the children of Ammon, 11:15 and he said to him, “This is what Jephthah has to say: Israel did not take away the land of Moab, nor the land of the children of Ammon. 11:16 But when they came up from Egypt, and Israel walked through the wilderness to the Red Sea, and came to Kadesh, 11:17 then Israel sent messengers to the king of Edom, saying, ‘Let me, I ask of you, pass through your land;’ but the king of Edom did not listen. And in like manner, he sent word to the king of Moab; but he would not permit it, and Israel remained in Kadesh. 11:18 Then he walked through the wilderness, and went around the land of Edom, and the land of Moab, and came by the east side of the land of Moab, and they camped on the other side of the Arnon; but they did not come within the border of Moab, for the Arnon was the border of Moab. 11:19 And Israel sent messengers to Sihon, king of the Amorites, the king of Heshbon; and Israel said to him, ‘Let us pass, we ask of you, through your land, to my place.’ 11:20 But Sihon did not trus Israel to pass through his border; but Sihon gathered all his people together, and camped in Jahaz, and fought against Israel. 11:21 And the Lord, the God of Israel, delivered Sihon and all his people into the hand of Israel, and they struck them; so Israel possessed all the land of the Amorites, the inhabitants of that country. 11:22 And they possessed all the border of the Amorites, from the Arnon even to the Jabbok, and from the wilderness even to the Jordan.

    11:23 “So now, the Lord, the God of Israel, has dispossessed the Amorites from before His people Israel. Should you possess them? 11:24 Will you not possess that which Chemosh, your god, gives you to possess? So whomever the Lord our God has dispossessed from before us, them will we possess. 11:25 And now are you anything better than Balak the son of Zippor, king of Moab? Did he ever strive against Israel, or did he ever fight against them? 11:26 While Israel dwelt in Heshbon and its towns, and in Aroer and its towns, and in all the cities that are along by the side of the Arnon, for three hundred years, why did you not recover them within that time? 11:27 Therefore, I have not sinned against you, but you do wrong to me to war against me. May the Lord, the Judge, be judge this day between the children of Israel and the children of Ammon.”

    11:28 However, the king of the children of Ammon did not listen to the words of Jephthah, which he sent him.

    11:29 Then the Spirit of the Lord came upon Jephthah, and he passed over Gilead and Manasseh, and passed over Mizpeh of Gilead, and from Mizpeh of Gilead he passed over to the children of Ammon. 11:30 And Jephthah vowed a vow to the Lord, and said, “If You will indeed deliver the children of Ammon into my hand, 11:31 then it shall be, that whatever comes forth from the doors of my house to meet me, when I return in peace from the children of Ammon, it shall be the Lord’s, and I will offer it up as a burnt offering.”

    11:32 So Jephthah passed over to the children of Ammon to fight against them; and the Lord delivered them into his hand. 11:33 And he struck them from Aroer, until you come to Minnith, even twenty cities, and to Abel Cheramim, with a very great slaughter. So the children of Ammon were subdued before the children of Israel.

 

Closing Bessing for the Prophets’ Reading

    Reader:  “Blessed are You, Lord our God, King of the Universe: the rock of ages, righteous in all generations, the faithful God, who says and does, who speaks and fulfills; for all His words are true and righteous. You are faithful, Lord our God, and Your words are faithful. Not one of Your words returns unfulfilled, for You are a faithful and merciful God and King. Blessed are You, Lord, who is faithful in all His words.”

 

Opening Blessing for the Apostles’ Reading

    Reader:  “Blessed are You, Lord our God, King of the Universe, who gave to us Yeshua the Messiah: the Lamb of God, who bears the sin of the world; who became flesh, and tabernacled with us; for we saw His glory, a glory as of the only begotten from the Father, that He was full of grace and truth; and from His abundance have we all received. Blessed are You, Lord, who gave us the Messiah.”

 

Apostles’ Reading: John 3:1-21

    3:1 And there was a man from among the Pharisees there, whose name was Nicodemus, a ruler of the Jews. 3:2 And he came to Yeshua by night, and said to Him, “Rabbi, we know that You are a teacher sent from God; for no one can perform those signs which you perform, unless God is with Him.”

    3:3 Yeshua replied, and said to him, “Truly, truly, I say to you, that, unless a man is born anew, he cannot behold the Kingdom of God.”

    3:4 Nicodemus said to him, “How can an old man be born? Can he enter a second time into his mother’s womb, and be born?”

    3:5 Yeshua replied, and said to him, “Truly, truly, I say to you, that, unless a man is born of water and the Spirit, he cannot enter the Kingdom of God. 3:6 That which is born of the flesh, is flesh; and that which is born of the Spirit, is spirit. 3:7 Do not be surprised that I said to you, that you must be born anew. 3:8 The wind blows where it chooses; and you hear its sound, but you do not know where it comes from, and where it goes; so is everyone that is born of the Spirit.”

    3:9 Nicodemus answered, and said to Him, “How can these things be?”

    3:10 Yeshua answered, and said to him, “Are you a teacher of Israel, and you do not know these things? 3:11 Truly, truly, I say to you, that we speak what we know; and we testify to what we have seen; but you do not receive our testimony. 3:12 If I have spoken to you of things on earth, and you do not believe, then how will you believe if I speak of things in heaven? 3:13 Now no one has ascended to heaven, but He that descended from heaven, the Son of Man, who is in heaven. 3:14 And as Moses raised up the serpent in the wilderness, so must the Son of Man be lifted up, 3:15 so that everyone who believes in Him may not perish, but may have life eternal. 3:16 For God so loved the world, that He gave His only begotten Son, that whoever believes on Him should not perish, but should have eternal life. 3:17 For God did not send His Son into the world to condemn the world, but that the world might live because of Him. 3:18 He that believes on Him is not condemned; but he that does not believe is already condemned; because he has not believed on the name of the only begotten Son of God. 3:19 And this is the reason for the condemnation: that light has come into the world, and men have loved darkness rather than light, for their deeds have been evil. 3:20 For everyone that does abominable things hates the light, and does not come to the light, lest his deeds should be reproved. 3:21 But he that does what is right comes to the light, so that his works may be known to be done in God.”

 

Closing Blessing for the Apostles’ Reading

    Reader:  “Blessed are You, Lord our God, King of the Universe, who was, and is, and is to come. Glory and honor, praise and power, be to Him that sits on the throne, to Him who lives, forever and ever. Blessed are You, Lord, the Holy One; for You have created all things, and by You they exist; and because of Your pleasure they had being, and were created.”

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