Parsha Lech-Lecha (Go Out)

 

Torah Reading: Genesis 12:1-17:27

First Reading: Genesis 12:1–13
Second Reading: Genesis 12:14–13:4
Third Reading: Genesis 13:5–18
Fourth Reading: Genesis 14:1–20
Fifth Reading: Genesis 14:21–15:6
Sixth Reading: Genesis 15:7–17:6
Seventh Reading: Genesis 17:7–27

Prophets’ Reading: Isaiah 40:27-41:16

First Apostles’ Reading: Hebrews 7:1-22
Second Apostles’ Reading: Romans 3:19-5:6

 

First Reading: Genesis 12:1-13

12:1 Now the Lord said to Abram, “Get out of your country, and from your kindred, and from your father’s house, to the land that I will show you. 12:2 And I will make a great nation of you, and I will bless you, and will make your name great; and you shall be a blessing. 12:3 And I will bless them that bless you, and I will curse him that curses you; and all the families of the earth shall be blessed in you.”

12:4 So Abram went, as the Lord had spoken to him; and Lot went with him; and Abram was seventy-five years old when he departed out of Haran. 12:5 And Abram took Sarai his wife, and Lot his brother’s son, and all their substance that they had gathered, and the souls that they had acquired in Haran; and they went forth to go into the land of Canaan; and into the land of Canaan they came. 12:6 And Abram passed through the land to the place of Shechem, to the terebinth of Moreh. And the Canaanite was then in the land.

12:7 And the Lord appeared to Abram, and said, “To your seed I will give this land.” And he built there an altar to the Lord, who had appeared to him. 12:8 And he departed from there to the mountain on the east of Beth El, and pitched his tent, having Beth El on the west, and Ai on the east; and he built there an altar to the Lord, and called on the name of the Lord. 12:9 And Abram journeyed, still going on toward the South. 1

12:10 And there was a famine in the land; and Abram went down into Egypt to sojourn there; for the famine was severe in the land. 12:11 And it came to pass, when he had come near to enter into Egypt, that he said to Sarai his wife, “Behold now, I know that you are a fair woman to look upon. 12:12 And it will come to pass, when the Egyptians shall see you, that they will say, ‘This is his wife;’ and they will kill me, but they will keep you alive. 12:13 Say, I ask of you, that you are my sister; that it may be well with me for your sake, and that my soul may live because of you.”

 

Second Reading: Genesis 12:14-13:4

12:14 And it came to pass, that when Abram had come into Egypt, the Egyptians beheld the woman, that she was very fair. 12:15 And the princes of Pharaoh saw her, and praised her to Pharaoh; and the woman was taken into Pharaoh’s house. 12:16 And he dealt well with Abram for her sake; and he had sheep, and oxen, and male donkeys, and men servants, and maid servants, and female donkeys, and camels. 12:17 And the Lord plagued Pharaoh and his house with great plagues because of Sarai, Abram’s wife.

12:18 And Pharaoh called Abram, and said, “What is this that you have done to me? Why did you not tell me that she was your wife? 12:19 Why did you say, ‘She is my sister,’ so that I took her to be my wife? Now therefore, behold your wife; take her, and go your way.” 12:20 And Pharaoh gave men instructions concerning him; and they brought him on the way, and his wife, and all that he had. 13:1 And Abram went up out of Egypt, he, and his wife, and all that he had, and Lot with him, into the South. 13:2 And Abram was very rich in cattle, in silver, and in gold. 13:3 And he went on his journeys from the South, even to Beth El, to the place where his tent had been at the beginning, between Beth El and Ai; 13:4 to the place of the altar, which he had first made there; and Abram called on the name of the Lord there.

 

Third Reading: Genesis 13:5-18

13:5And Lot also, who went with Abram, had flocks, and herds, and tents. 13:6 And the land was not able to sustain them both to dwell together; for their substance was great, so that they could not dwell together. 13:7 And there was a strife between the herdmen of Abram’s cattle and the herdmen of Lot’s cattle. And the Canaanite and the Perizzite then dwelt in the land.

13:8 And Abram said to Lot, “Let there be no strife, I ask of you, between me and you, and between my herdmen and your herdmen; for we are brothers. 13:9 Is not the whole land before you? I ask you to separate yourself from me; if you will take the left hand, then I will go to the right; or if you take the right hand, then I will go to the left.” 13:10 And Lot lifted up his eyes, and beheld all the plain of the Jordan, that it was well watered everywhere, before the Lord destroyed Sodom and Gomorrah, like the garden of the Lord, like the land of Egypt, as you go to Zoar. 13:11 So Lot chose for himself all the plain of the Jordan; and Lot journeyed to the east; and they separated themselves, one from the other. 13:12 Abram dwelt in the land of Canaan, and Lot dwelt in the cities of the Plain, and moved his tent as far as Sodom.

13:13 Now the men of Sodom were wicked, and exceedingly sinful against the Lord. 13:14 And the Lord said to Abram, after Lot was separated from him, “Now lift up your eyes, and look from the place where you are, to the north and the south, and the east and the west; 13:15 for I will give all the land which you see to you, and to your seed forever. 13:16 And I will make your seed as the dust of the earth; so that if a man can number the dust of the earth, then your seed shall also be numbered. 13:17 Arise, and walk through the land in the length of it and in the width of it; for I will give it to you.” 13:18 And Abram moved his tent, and came and dwelt by the terebinths of Mamre, which are in Hebron, and built an altar to the Lord there.

 

Fourth Reading: Genesis 14:1-20

14:1 And it came to pass in the days of Amraphel king of Shinar, Arioch king of Ellasar, Chedorlaomer king of Elam, and Tidal king of Goiim, 14:2 that they made war with Bera king of Sodom, and with Birsha king of Gomorrah, Shinab king of Admah, and Shemeber king of Zeboiim, and the king of Bela– the same is Zoar. 14:3 All these came as allies to the valley of Siddim– the same is the Salt Sea. 14:4 They served Chedorlaomer for twelve years, and in the thirteenth year they rebelled. 14:5 And in the fourteenth year came Chedorlaomer and the kings that were with him, and struck the Rephaim in Ashteroth Karnaim, 2 and the Zuzim in Ham, and the Emim in Shaveh Kiriathaim, 14:6 and the Horites in their mount Seir, to El Paran, which is by the wilderness. 14:7 And they turned back, and came to En Mishpat– the same is Kadesh– and struck all the country of the Amalekites, and also the Amorites, that dwelt in Hazazon Tamar.

14:8 And the king of Sodom, the king of Gomorrah, the king of Admah, the king of Zeboiim, and the king of Bela– the same is Zoar– went out there, and they set the battle in array against them in the valley of Siddim; 14:9 against Chedorlaomer king of Elam, and Tidal king of Goiim, and Amraphel king of Shinar, and Arioch king of Ellasar; four kings against five. 14:10 Now the valley of Siddim was full of slime pits; and the kings of Sodom and Gomorrah fled, and they fell there, and they that remained fled to the mountain. 14:11 And they took all the goods of Sodom and Gomorrah, and all their provisions, and went their way.

14:12 And they took Lot, Abram’s brother’s son, who dwelt in Sodom, and his goods, and departed. 14:13 And one that had escaped came, and told Abram the Hebrew. Now he dwelt by the terebinths of Mamre the Amorite, brother of Eshcol, and brother of Aner; and these were allies with Abram. 14:14 And when Abram heard that his brother had been taken captive, he led forth his trained men, born in his house, three hundred and eighteen, and pursued as far as Dan. 14:15 And he divided himself against them by night, he and his servants, and struck them, and pursued them to Hobah, which is on the left hand of Damascus. 14:16 And he brought back all the goods, and brought back his brother Lot also, and his goods, and the women also, and the people.

14:17 And the king of Sodom went out to meet him, after his return from the slaughter of Chedorlaomer and the kings that were with him, at the valley of Shaveh– the same is the King’s Valley. 14:18 And Melchizedek king of Salem brought forth bread and wine; and he was a priest of the Most High God. 14:19 And he blessed him, and said, “Blessed be Abram, of the Most High God, Maker of heaven and earth; 14:20 and blessed be the Most High God, who has delivered your enemies into your hand.” And he gave him a tenth of all. 3

 

Fifth Reading: Genesis 14:21-15:6

14:21 And the king of Sodom said to Abram, “Give me the people, and take the goods for yourself.”

14:22 And Abram said to the king of Sodom, “I have lifted up my hand to the Lord, the Most High God, Maker of heaven and earth, 14:23 that I will not take a thread, nor a shoe latchet, nor anything that is yours, lest you should say, ‘I have made Abram rich;’ 14:24 except only that which the young men have eaten, and the portion of the men which went with me, Aner, Eshcol, and Mamre; let them take their portion.”

15:1 After these things the Word of the Lord came to Abram in a vision, saying, “Do not be afraid, Abram; I am your shield, and your reward shall be exceedingly great.”

15:2 And Abram said, “O Lord God, what will You give me, seeing that I go on from here childless, and he that shall be inheritor of my house is Eliezer of Damascus?” 4 15:3 And Abram said, “Behold, You have not given seed to me; and behold, one born in my house is to be my heir.”

15:4 And behold, the Word of the Lord came to him, saying, “This man shall not be your heir; but he that shall come forth out of your own loins shall be your heir.” 15:5 And He brought him forth far and wide, and said, “Now look toward heaven, and count the stars, if you are able to count them.” And He said to him, “So shall your seed be.” 15:6 And he believed in the Lord; and He counted it to him for righteousness.

 

Sixth Torah Reading: Genesis 15:7-17:6

15:7 And He said to him, “I am the Lord that brought you out of Ur of the Chaldees, to give you this land to inherit it.”

15:8 And he said, “O Lord God, how shall I know that I shall inherit it?”

15:9 And He said to him, “Take a three year old heifer to Me, and a three year old female goat, and a three year old ram, and a turtle dove, and a young pigeon.” 15:10 And he took him all these things, and divided them in the midst, and laid each half opposite of the other; but he did not divide the birds. 15:11 And the birds of prey came down upon the carcasses, and Abram drove them away. 15:12 And it came to pass, that when the sun was going down, a deep sleep fell on Abram; and behold, a dread, even a great darkness, fell upon him. 15:13 And He said to Abram, “Know, certainly, that your seed shall be a stranger in a land that is not theirs, and shall serve them; and they shall afflict them for four hundred years. 15:14 And I will judge that nation, whom they shall serve; and afterward, they shall come out with great substance. 15:15 But you shall go to your fathers in peace; you shall be buried in a good old age. 15:16 And in the fourth generation 5 they shall come back here; for the iniquity of the Amorite is not yet full.”

15:17 And it came to pass, that, when the sun went down, and there was thick darkness, behold, a smoking furnace, and a flaming torch that passed between the pieces. 15:18 In that day the Lord made a covenant with Abram, saying, “To your seed have I given this land, from the river of Egypt to the great river, the river Euphrates; 15:19 the Kenite, the Kenizzite, the Kadmonite, 15:20 the Hittite, the Perizzite, the Rephaim, 15:21 the Amorite, the Canaanite, the Hivite, 6 the Girgashite, and the Jebusite.”

16:1 Now Sarai Abram’s wife did not bare him any children; and she had a handmaid, an Egyptian, whose name was Hagar. 16:2 And Sarai said to Abram, “Behold now, the Lord has restrained me from bearing; I ask you to go in to my handmaid; and it may be that I shall be built up through her.”

And Abram listened to the voice of Sarai. 16:3 And Sarai Abram’s wife took Hagar the Egyptian, her handmaid, after Abram had dwelt for ten years in the land of Canaan, and gave her to Abram her husband, to be his wife. 16:4 And he went in to Hagar, and she conceived; and when she saw that she had conceived, her mistress was despised in her eyes.

16:5 And Sarai said to Abram, “May my wrong be upon you: 7 I gave my handmaid into your bosom; and when she saw that she had conceived, I was despised in her eyes. May the Lord judge between me and you.”

16:6 But Abram said to Sarai, “Behold, your maid is in your hand; do to her that which is good in your eyes.”

And Sarai dealt harshly with her, and she fled from her face. 16:7 And the angel of the Lord found her by a fountain of water in the wilderness, by the fountain in the way to Shur. 16:8 And he said, “Hagar, Sarai’s handmaid, where did you come from? And where are you going to?”

And she said, “I am fleeing from the face of my mistress Sarai.”

16:9 And the angel of the Lord said to her, “Return to your mistress, and submit yourself under her hands.”

16:10 And the angel of the Lord said to her, “I will greatly multiply your seed, that it shall not be numbered for multitude.”

16:11 And the angel of the Lord said to her, “Behold, you are with child, and shall bear a son; and you shall call his name Ishmael, because the Lord has heard your affliction. 16:12 And he shall be a wild donkey of a man; his hand shall be against every man, and every man’s hand shall be against him; and he shall dwell in the face of all his brothers.”

16:13 And she called the name of the Lord that spoke to her, “You are a God of seeing;” for she said, “Have I even here seen Him that sees Me?” 8 16:14 Therefore the well was called Beer Lahai Roi; 9 behold, it is between Kadesh and Bered.

16:15 And Hagar bore Abram a son; and Abram called the name of his son, whom Hagar bore, Ishmael. 16:16 And Abram was eighty-six years old, when Hagar bore Ishmael to Abram.

17:1 And when Abram was ninety-nine years old, the Lord appeared to Abram, and said to him, “I am God Almighty; walk before Me, 10 and be wholehearted. 17:2 And I will make My covenant between Me and you, and will multiply you exceedingly.”

17:3 And Abram fell on his face; and God talked with him, saying, 17:4 “As for Me, behold, My covenant is with you, and you shall be the father of a multitude of nations. 17:5 Neither shall your name any longer be called Abram, but your name shall be Abraham; for I have made you the father of a multitude of nations. 17:6 And I will make you exceedingly fruitful, and I will make nations from you, and kings shall come out of you.”

 

Seventh Reading: Genesis 17:7-27

17:7 “And I will establish My covenant between Me and you, and your seed after you throughout their generations, for an everlasting covenant, to be a God to you, and to your seed after you. 17:8 And I will give to you, and to your seed after you, the land of your sojournings, all the land of Canaan, for an everlasting possession; and I will be their God.”

17:9 And God said to Abraham, “And as for you, you shall keep My covenant, you, and your seed after you throughout their generations. 17:10 This is My covenant, which you shall keep, between Me and you, and your seed after you: every male among you shall be circumcised. 17:11 And you shall be circumcised in the flesh of your foreskin; and it shall be a sign of a covenant between Me and you. 17:12 And he that is eight days old shall be circumcised among you, every male throughout your generations: he that is born in the house, or bought with money of any foreigner, that is not of your seed. 17:13 He that is born in your house, and he that is bought with your money, must be circumcised; and My covenant shall be in your flesh for an everlasting covenant. 17:14 As for the uncircumcised male, who is not circumcised in the flesh of his foreskin– that soul shall be cut off from his people; he has broken My covenant.”

17:15 And God said to Abraham, “As for Sarai your wife, you shall not call her name Sarai, but her name shall be Sarah. 17:16 And I will bless her, and more than this, I will give you a son by her; yes, I will bless her, and she shall be a mother of nations; kings of peoples shall be of her.”

17:17 Then Abraham fell on his face, and laughed, and said in his heart, “Shall a child be born to him that is a hundred years old? And shall Sarah, that is ninety years old, bear?”

17:18 And Abraham said to God, “Oh, that Ishmael might live before You!”

17:19 And God said, “No, but Sarah your wife shall bear you a son; and you shall call his name Isaac; and I will establish My covenant with him for an everlasting covenant for his seed after him. 17:20 And as for Ishmael, I have heard you; behold, I have blessed him, and will make him fruitful, and will multiply him exceedingly; he shall be the father of twelve princes, 11 and I will make him a great nation. 17:21 But I will establish My covenant with Isaac, whom Sarah shall bear to you at this set time in the next year.”

17:22 And He finished talking with him, and God went up from Abraham. 17:23 And Abraham took Ishmael his son, and all that were born in his house, and all that were bought with his money, every male among the men of Abraham’s house, and circumcised the flesh of their foreskin in that same day as God had said to him. 17:24 And Abraham was ninety-nine years old when he was circumcised in the flesh of his foreskin. 17:25 And Ishmael his son was thirteen years old when he was circumcised in the flesh of his foreskin. 17:26 In that same day was Abraham circumcised, and Ishmael his son. 17:27 And all the men of his house, those born in the house, and those bought with money of a foreigner, were circumcised with him. 12

 

Prophets’ Reading: Isaiah 40:27-41:16

40:27 “Why do you say, O Jacob, and speak, O Israel, ‘My way is hidden from the Lord, and my right is disregarded from my God?’ 40:28 Have you not known? Have you not heard that the everlasting God, the Lord, the Creator of the ends of the earth, does not faint, nor is He weary? His discernment is past searching out. 40:29 He gives power to the faint, and He increases strength to him that has no might. 13 40:30 Even the youths shall faint and be weary, and the young men shall utterly fall; 40:31 but they that wait for the Lord shall renew their strength. They shall mount up with wings as eagles; they shall run, and not be weary; they shall walk, and not faint.

41:1 “Keep silence before Me, O islands, and let the peoples renew their strength; 14 let them draw near, then let them speak; let us come near together to judgment. 41:2 Who has raised up the righteous one from the east, and called him to his feet? He gives nations before him, and makes him rule over kings; his sword makes them as the dust, his bow as the driven stubble. 41:3 He pursues them, and passes on safely, even by the way that his feet had not gone. 15 41:4 Who has performed it, and done it? He that called the generations from the beginning. I, the Lord, who am the first, and am the same with the last. 41:5 The isles saw, and feared; the ends of the earth trembled; they drew near, and came. 41:6 Everyone helped his neighbour; and everyone said to his brother, ‘Be of good courage.’ 41:7 So the carpenter encouraged the goldsmith, and he that smoothes with the hammer encouraged him that smites the anvil, saying of the soldering, ‘It is good;’ and he fastened it with nails, that it should not be moved.

41:8 “But you, Israel, My servant, Jacob, whom I have chosen, the seed of Abraham My friend; 16 41:9 you whom I have taken hold of from the ends of the earth, and called you from the farthest parts of it, and said to you, ‘You are My servant, I have chosen you, and have not cast you away.’ 41:10 Do not be afraid, for I am with you; do not be dismayed, for I am your God; I strengthen you; yes, I help you; yes, I uphold you with My victorious right hand. 17 41:11 Behold, all they that were incensed against you shall be ashamed and disgraced; they that strove with you shall be as nothing, and shall perish. 41:12 You shall seek them that strive with you, and shall not find them; they that warred against you shall be as nothing, and as a thing of nothing. 41:13 For I, the Lord your God, hold your right hand, who say to you, ‘Do not be afraid; for I am your helper.’

41:14 “Do not be afraid, you worm, 18 Jacob, and you men of Israel; 19 I help you,” says the Lord, and your Redeemer, 20 the Holy One of Israel. 41:15 “Behold, I make you as a new threshing instrument, having sharp teeth; 21 you shall thresh the mountains, and beat them small, and shall make the hills as chaff. 41:16 You shall fan them, and the wind shall carry them away, and the whirlwind shall scatter them; and you shall rejoice in the Lord, you shall glory in the Holy One of Israel.”

 

First Apostles’ Reading: Hebrews 7:1-22

7:1 Now this Melchizedek was king of Salem, a priest of the Most High God, and he met Abraham when he was returning from the slaughter of the kings; and he blessed him. 7:2 And Abraham gave him tithes from everything that he had with him. More than this, his name is interpreted “King of Righteousness;” and again he is called “King of Salem,” 22 that is “King of Peace.” 7:3 Concerning him, neither his father nor his mother are written in the genealogies, nor is the length of his days, nor is the end of his life; but his priesthood remains forever, after the likeness of the Son of God. 7:4 And consider how great he was, to whom even the patriarch Abraham gave tithes and firstfruits. 7:5 For the sons of Levi, who received the priesthood, had a statute in the Torah, that they should take tithes from the people, from their brothers, because they are also of the seed of Abraham. 7:6 But this man, who is not listed in their genealogies, took tithes from Abraham; and he blessed him who had received the promise.

7:7 Now it is beyond question that the inferior is blessed by his superior. 7:8 And here, it is men who die who receive the tithes; but there, they were received by he of whom the Scripture testifies that he lives. 7:9 And through Abraham, as one may say, even Levi, who received tithes, was a tither himself; 7:10 for he was still in the loins of his father when he met Melchizedek.

7:11 If, therefore, perfection had come by means of the priesthood of the Levites, by which the Torah was prescribed to the people, then why was another priest required, who should stand up after the likeness of Melchizedek? For it should have said, “He shall be after the likeness of Aaron.” 7:12 But as there is a change in the priesthood, so also is there a change in the Torah; 7:13 for he of whom these things were spoken was born of another tribe, of which no one ever ministered at the altar. 7:14 For it is known that our Lord arose from Judah, from a tribe of which Moses said nothing about a priesthood. 7:15 And more than this, it is known further from his saying that another priest would stand up after the likeness of Melchizedek, 7:16 who did not come according to the law of physical requirements, but according to the power of an indestructible life. 7:17 For he testified of him, “You are a priest forever, after the likeness of Melchizedek.” 23

7:18 Now the change which was made in the first statute was made because of its weakness, and because there was no benefit in it; 7:19 for the Torah did not perfect anything; but hope, which is better than it, came in its place, by which we draw near to God. 7:20 And He confirmed it to us by an oath. 7:21 For they became priests without an oath; but this man became a priest by an oath. As He said to him by David, “The Lord has sworn, and will not lie, You are a priest forever, after the likeness of Melchizedek.’” 24 7:22 By all this, is that a better covenant of which Yeshua is the mediator.

 

Second Apostles’ Reading: Romans 3:19-5:5

3:19 Now we know that whatever the Torah says, it says to them who are under the Torah, so that every mouth may be stopped, and all the world may be guilty before God. 3:20 Therefore no flesh is justified before Him by the works of the Torah; for it is by the Torah that sin is known.

3:21 But now, the righteousness of God, without the Torah, is revealed; and the Torah and the Prophets testify of it– 3:22 even the righteousness of God, which is by faith in Yeshua the Messiah, for everyone, and on everyone, that believes in Him. For there is no distinction, 3:23 for they have all sinned, and failed of the glory of God. 3:24 And they are justified gratuitously by grace, and by the redemption which is in Yeshua the Messiah; 3:25 whom God has set forth as atonement, 25 by faith in His blood, because of our sins, which we before committed, 3:26 in the space which God in His long suffering gave to us, for the manifestation of His righteousness at the present time; that He might be righteous, and might justify him who is in the faith of our Lord Yeshua the Messiah with righteousness.

3:27 Where then is boasting? It is abolished. By what law? By that of works? No; but by the law of faith. 3:28 We therefore conclude that it is by faith that a man is justified, and not by the works of the Torah; 3:29 for is He the God of the Jews only, and not of the Gentiles? No; but of the Gentiles also. 3:30 Because there is one God who justifies the circumcision by faith, and the uncircumcision by the same faith. 3:31 Do we then nullify the Torah by faith? Far be it. On the contrary, we establish the Torah.

4:1 What then shall we say concerning Abraham the Patriarch, that he obtained by the flesh? 4:2 But if Abraham was justified by works, then he had reason to boast; yet not so before God. 4:3 For what does the Scripture say? That “Abraham believed God, and it was accounted to him for righteousness.” 26 4:4 But to him that works, the reward is not counted as grace, but as it was owed to him; 4:5 whereas to him that does not work, but only believes in Him that justifies sinners, his faith is accounted to him for righteousness. 4:6 As David also speaks of the blessedness of the man, to whom God counts righteousness without works, 4:7 saying, “Blessed are they whose iniquity is forgiven, and whose sins are covered up; 4:8 blessed is the man to whom God will not count his sin.” 27

4:9 This blessedness, therefore, is it on the circumcision, or on the uncircumcision? For we say that Abraham’s faith was counted to him for righteousness. 4:10 How was it counted to him? In circumcision, or in uncircumcision? Not in circumcision, but in uncircumcision. 4:11 For he received circumcision as the sign and the seal of the righteousness of his faith while in uncircumcision, that he might become the father of all the uncircumcision who believe; and that it might also be counted to them for righteousness; 4:12 and the father of the circumcision– not to them only who are of the circumcision, but also to them also who fulfill the steps of the faith of our father Abraham in his uncircumcision.

4:13 For the promise to Abraham and to his seed, that he should become the heir of the world, was not by the Torah, but by the righteousness of his faith. 4:14 For if they who are of the Torah were heirs, then faith would be made void, and the promise of no force; 4:15 for the Torah is a worker of wrath, because where there is no Torah, there is no transgression of the Torah.

4:16 It is therefore by the faith which is by grace that we are justified, so that the promise may be sure to all the seed– not only to that only which is of the Torah, but also to that which is of the faith of Abraham, who is the father of us all; 4:17 as it is written, “I have made you a father to a multitude of nations;” 28 namely, before God, in whom you have believed; who gives life to the dead, and calls those things, which are not, as if they were. 4:18 And without hope, He confided in the hope of becoming the Father of a multitude of nations; as it is written, “So will your seed be.” 29 4:19 And he was not feeble in his faith while he considered his body dead– for he was a hundred years old– and the dead womb of Sarah. 4:20 And he did not hesitate at the promise of God, as one lacking faith; but he was strong in faith, and gave glory to God, 4:21 and felt assured that what God had promised to him, He was able to fulfill. 4:22 And therefore it was accounted to him for righteousness; 4:23 and not for his sake alone that it was written, “his faith was accounted for righteousness,” 30 4:24 but for our sakes also; because it is to be accounted so to us who believe in Him that raised our Lord Yeshua the Messiah from the dead, 4:25 who was delivered up on account of our sins, and arose, that He might justify us.

5:1 Therefore, because we are justified by faith, we shall have peace with God, through our Lord Yeshua the Messiah; 5:2 by whom we are brought by faith into this grace, in which we stand and rejoice in the hope of the glory of God. 5:3 And not only so, but we also rejoice in afflictions; because we know that affliction perfects in us patience; 5:4 and patience produces experience, and experience produces hope; 5:5 and hope does not make us ashamed, because the love of God is diffused in our hearts by the Holy Spirit, who is given to us.

 

Footnotes

1 LXX has for 12:9, “And Abram departed and went and encamped in the wilderness.”

2 LXX has “and cut the giants in Astaroth and Carnain to pieces.”

3 The Hebrew here is ambiguous when discussing who is tithing to whom, but it is generally assumed that Abraham tithed to Melchizedek.

4 LXX has “but the son of Masek my home born female slave, Eliezer of Damascus, is my heir.”

5 AP has “and after four centuries.”

6 Following LXX. MT omits “Hivite,” but lists them later on. (Exodus 3, 13, 23, 33, etc.)

7 LXX has “I am injured by you.”

8 LXX has “For I have openly seen Him that appeared to me.”

9 AP adds– not as a footnote, but within the text itself– “which means, the well of the Living One who saw me.”

10 LXX has “Be well pleasing before Me.”

11 LXX has “twelve nations.”

12 AP adds “He also circumcised some of the strangers with him.”

13 AP has to them that are stricken with disease.

14 LXX has “Hold a feast to me, you islands; for princes shall renew their strength.”

15 LXX has “the way of his feet shall proceed in peace.”

16 LXX has “Abraham, whom I have loved.”

17 AP has “with the right hand of My righteousness.”

18 LXX omits “you worm.” AP has “you helpless men of Jacob.”

19 LXX adds “few in number.”

20 AP has “Savior.”

21 AP adds “a thing which tears and crushes to pieces.”

22 Genesis 14:18.

23 Psalm 110:4.

24 Psalm 110:4.

25 LXX has literally “mercy seat.”

26 Genesis 15:5.

27 Psalm 32:1-2.

28 Genesis 17:4.

29 Genesis 15:5.

30 Genesis 15:6.

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