Parsha Beresheit (In the Beginning)

 

Torah Reading: Genesis 1:1-6:8

First Reading: Genesis 1:1-2:3
Second Reading: Genesis 2:4-19
Third Reading: Genesis 2:20-3:21
Fourth Reading: Genesis 3:22-4:18
Fifth Reading: Genesis 4:19-22
Sixth Reading: Genesis 4:23-5:24
Seventh Reading: Genesis 5:25-6:8

Prophets’ Reading: Isaiah 42:5-43:10

Apostles’ Reading: John 1:1-18

 

First Torah Reading: Genesis 1:1-2:3

1:1 In the beginning God created the heaven and the earth. 1:2 Now the earth was unformed and void, and darkness was upon the face of the deep; and the spirit of God hovered over the face of the waters. 1:3 And God said, “Let there be light.” And there was light. 1:4 And God saw the light, that it was good; and God divided the light from the darkness. 1:5 And God called the light Day, and He called the darkness Night. And there was evening and there was morning, one day.

1:6 And God said, “Let there be a firmament in the midst of the waters, and let it divide the waters from the waters.” 1:7 And God made the firmament, and divided the waters which were under the firmament from the waters which were above the firmament; and it was so. 1:8 And God called the firmament Heaven. And there was evening and there was morning, a second day.

1:9 And God said, “Let the waters under the heaven be gathered together to one place, and let the dry land appear.” And it was so. And the water which was under the heaven was collected into its places, and the dry land appeared. 1 1:10 And God called the dry land Earth, and He called the gathering together of the waters Seas; and God saw that it was good.

1:11 And God said, “Let the earth put forth grass, herb yielding seed, and fruit trees bearing fruit after its kind, in which is its seed, upon the earth.” And it was so. 1:12 And the earth brought forth grass, herb yielding seed after its kind, and trees bearing fruit, in which is its seed, after its kind; and God saw that it was good. 1:13 And there was evening and there was morning, a third day.

1:14 And God said, “Let there be lights in the firmament of the heaven to divide the day from the night; and let them be for signs, and for seasons, and for days, and for years; 1:15 and let them be for lights in the firmament of the heaven to give light on the earth.” And it was so. 1:16 And God made the two great lights: the greater light to rule the day, and the lesser light to rule the night; and the stars. 1:17 And God set them in the firmament of the heaven to give light on the earth, 1:18 and to rule over the day and over the night, and to divide the light from the darkness; and God saw that it was good. 1:19 And there was evening and there was morning, a fourth day.

1:20 And God said, “Let the waters swarm with swarms of living creatures, and let birds fly above the earth in the open firmament of heaven.” 1:21 And God created the great sea monsters, and every living creature that creeps, which swarmed in the waters, after its kind, and every winged bird after its kind; and God saw that it was good. 1:22 And God blessed them, saying, “Be fruitful, and multiply, and fill the waters in the seas, and let birds multiply in the earth.” 1:23 And there was evening and there was morning, a fifth day.

1:24 And God said, “Let the earth bring forth the living creature after its kind, cattle, and creeping thing, and beast of the earth after its kind.” And it was so. 1:25 And God made the beast of the earth after its kind, and the cattle after their kind, and everything that creeps upon the ground after its kind; and God saw that it was good.

1:26 And God said, “Let us make man in Our image, after Our likeness; and let them have dominion over the fish of the sea, and over the birds of the air, and over the cattle, and over all the earth, and over every creeping thing that creeps upon the earth.” 1:27 And God created man in His own image; He created him in the image of God; He created them male and female. 1:28 And God blessed them; and God said to them, “Be fruitful, and multiply, and replenish the earth, and subdue it; and have dominion over the fish of the sea, and over the birds of the air, and over every living thing that creeps upon the earth.”

1:29 And God said, “Behold, I have given you every herb yielding seed, which is on the face of all the earth, and every tree, in which is the fruit of a tree yielding seed– it shall be food for you; 1:30 and to every beast of the earth, and to every bird of the air, and to everything that creeps upon the earth, in which there is a living soul, I have given every green herb for food.” And it was so. 1:31 And God saw everything that He had made, and, behold, it was very good. And there was evening and there was morning, the sixth day.

2:1 And the heaven and the earth were finished, and all the host of them. 2:2 And on the sixth day 2 God finished His work which He had made; and He rested on the seventh day from all His work which He had made. 2:3 And God blessed the seventh day, and hallowed it; because He rested in it from all His work which God, in creating, had made.

 

Second Torah Reading: Genesis 2:4-19

2:4 These are the generations 3 of the heaven and of the earth when they were created, in the day that YHWH God made earth and heaven. 2:5 No shrub of the field was yet on the earth, and no herb of the field had yet sprung up; for YHWH God had not caused it to rain upon the earth, and there was no man to till the ground; 2:6 but a mist went up from the earth, and watered the whole face of the ground. 2:7 Then YHWH God formed man of the dust of the ground, and breathed into his nostrils the breath of life; and man became a living soul. 2:8 And YHWH God planted a garden eastward, in Eden; and there He put the man whom He had formed. 2:9 And YHWH God made to grow out of the ground every tree that is pleasant to the sight, and good for food; the tree of life also, in the midst of the garden, and the tree of the knowledge of good and evil.

2:10 And a river went out from Eden to water the garden; and from there it was parted, and became four heads. 2:11 The name of the first is Pishon, which encompasses the whole land of Havilah, where there is gold; 2:12 and the gold of that land is good; and there is bdellium and the onyx stone. 2:13 And the name of the second river is Gihon, which encompasses the whole land of Cush. 2:14 And the name of the third river is Tigris, which goes toward the east of Asshur. And the fourth river is the Euphrates. 2:15 And YHWH God took the man, and put him into the garden of Eden to dress it and to keep it.

2:16 And YHWH God commanded the man, saying, “Of every tree of the garden you may freely eat; 2:17 but of the tree of the knowledge of good and evil, you shall not eat; for in the day that you eat of it, you shall surely die.”

2:18 And YHWH God said, “It is not good that the man should be alone; I will make a helpmeet for him.” 4 2:19 And out of the ground YHWH God formed every beast of the field, and every bird of the air, and brought them to the man to see what he would call them; and whatever the man would call every living creature, that was to be its name.

 

Third Torah Reading: Genesis 2:20-3:21

2:20 And the man gave names to all cattle, and to the fowl of the air, and to every beast of the field; but there was not found a helpmeet for the man. 5 2:21 And YHWH God caused a deep sleep to fall upon the man, and he slept; and He took one of his ribs, and closed up the place with flesh instead. 2:22 And the rib, which YHWH God had taken from the man, He made into a woman, and brought her to the man. 2:23 And the man said, “This is now bone of my bones, and flesh of my flesh; she shall be called Woman, because she was taken out of Man.” 2:24 Therefore shall a man leave his father and his mother, and shall cleave unto his wife, and they shall be one flesh. 2:25 And they were both naked, the man and his wife, and were not ashamed.

3:1 Now the serpent was more subtle than any beast of the field which YHWH God had made. And he said to the woman, “Has God really 6 said, ‘You shall not eat of any tree of the garden?’”

3:2 And the woman said to the serpent, “Of the fruit of the trees of the garden we may eat; 3:3 but of the fruit of the tree which is in the midst of the garden, God has said, ‘You shall not eat of it, neither shall you touch it, lest you die.’”

3:4 And the serpent said to the woman, “You shall not surely die; 3:5 for God knows that in the day you eat of it, then your eyes shall be opened, and you shall be as God, knowing good and evil.”

3:6 And when the woman saw that the tree was good for food, and that it was a delight to the eyes, and that the tree was to be desired to make one wise, she took some of its fruit, and ate; and she gave some also to her husband with her, and he ate. 3:7 And their eyes were both opened, and they knew that they were naked; and they sewed fig leaves together, and made themselves girdles.

3:8 And they heard the voice of YHWH God walking in the garden toward the cool of the day; and the man and his wife hid themselves from the presence of YHWH God among the trees of the garden. 3:9 And YHWH God called to the man, and said to him, “Where are you?”

3:10 And he said, “I heard Your voice in the garden, and I was afraid, because I was naked; and I hid myself.”

3:11 And He said, “Who told you that you were naked? Have you eaten of the tree, from which I commanded you that you should not eat?”

3:12 And the man said, “The woman, who You gave to be with me, she gave me from the tree, and I ate.”

3:13 And YHWH God said to the woman, “What is this you have done?”

And the woman said, “The serpent deceived me, and I ate.”

3:14 And YHWH God said to the serpent, “Because you have done this, you are cursed from among all cattle, and from among all beasts of the field; you shall go upon your belly, and you shall eat dust, all the days of your life. 3:15 And I will put enmity between you and the woman, and between your seed and her seed; they shall bruise your head, and you shall bruise their heel.”

3:16 To the woman He said, “I will greatly multiply your pain and your trouble; you shall bring forth children in pain; and your desire shall be to your husband, and he shall rule over you.”

3:17 And to the man He said, “Because you have listened to the voice of your wife, and have eaten from the tree, of which I commanded you, saying, ‘You shall not eat of it,’ the ground is cursed for your sake; you shall eat of it in toil all the days of your life. 3:18 It shall also bring forth thorns and thistles to you; and you shall eat the herb of the field. 3:19 You shall eat bread in the sweat of your face, until you return to the ground; for you were taken out of it; for you are dust, and you shall return to dust.”

3:20 And the man called his wife’s name Eve; because she was the mother of all living. 3:21 And YHWH God made for the man and for his wife garments of skins, and clothed them.

 

Fourth Torah Reading: Genesis 3:22-4:18

3:22 And YHWH God said, “Behold, the man has become like one of Us, to know good and evil; and now, lest he puts forth his hand, and takes also of the tree of life, and eats, and lives forever–” 3:23 Therefore YHWH God sent him forth from the garden of Eden, to till the ground from where he was taken. 3:24 So He drove out the man; and He placed at the east of the garden of Eden the cherubim, and the flaming sword which turned every way, to guard the way to the tree of life.

4:1 And the man knew Eve his wife; and she conceived and bore Cain, and said, “I have gotten a man with the help of YHWH.” 4:2 And again, she bore his brother Abel. And Abel was a keeper of sheep, but Cain was a tiller of the ground. 4:3 And in process of time it came to pass, that Cain brought of the fruit of the ground an offering to YHWH. 4:4 And Abel, he also brought of the firstlings of his flock, and of its fat. And YHWH had respect to Abel and to his offering; 4:5 but He did not have respect to Cain and to his offering. And Cain was very angry, and his countenance fell.

4:6 And YHWH said to Cain, “Why are you angry? And why has your countenance fallen? 4:7 If you do well, shall it not be lifted up? And if you do not do well, then sin crouches at the door; and its desire is to you, but you may rule over it.”

4:8 And Cain said to Abel his brother, “Let us go out into the field.” 7 And it came to pass, when they were in the field, that Cain rose up against Abel his brother, and slew him.

4:9 And YHWH said to Cain, “Where is Abel your brother?”

And he said, “I do not know; am I my brother’s keeper?”

4:10 And He said, “What have you done? The voice of your brother’s blood cries out to Me from the ground. 4:11 And now you are cursed from the ground, which has opened her mouth to receive your brother’s blood from your hand. 4:12 When you till the ground, it shall not henceforth yield her strength to you; you shall be a fugitive and a wanderer on the earth.” 8

4:13 And Cain said to YHWH, “My punishment is greater than I can bear. 9 4:14 Behold, You have driven me out, this day, from the face of the land; and from Your face I shall be hid; and I shall be a fugitive and a wanderer on the earth; 10 and it will come to pass, that whoever finds me will slay me.”

4:15 And YHWH said to him, “Not so! 11 Whoever slays Cain, vengeance shall be taken on him sevenfold.” And YHWH set a sign for Cain, lest anyone who finds him should strike him.

4:16 And Cain went out from the presence of YHWH, and dwelt in the land of Nod, on the east of Eden. 4:17 And Cain knew his wife; and she conceived, and bore Enoch; and he built a city, and called the name of the city after the name of his son Enoch. 4:18 And to Enoch was born Irad; and Irad became the father of Mehujael; and Mehujael became the father of Methushael; and Methushael became the father of Lamech.

 

Fifth Torah Reading: Genesis 4:19-22

4:19 And Lamech took to himself two wives; the name of one was Adah, and the name of the other was Zillah. 4:20And Adah bore Jabal; he was the father of those that dwell in tents and have cattle. 4:21 And his brother’s name was Jubal; he was the father of those that handle the harp and pipe. 4:22 As for Zillah, she also bore Tubal-cain, the craftsman of every cutting instrument of brass and iron; and the sister of Tubal-cain was Naamah.

 

Sixth Torah Reading: Genesis 4:23-5:24

4:23 And Lamech said to his wives, “Adah and Zillah, hear my voice; you wives of Lamech, listen to my words; for I have slain a man for wounding me, and a young man for bruising me. 12 4:24 If Cain shall be avenged sevenfold, then truly, Lamech shall be avenged seventy-sevenfold.”

4:25 And Adam knew his wife again; and she bore a son, and called his name Seth, saying, “For God has appointed me another seed instead of Abel; for Cain slew him.”

4:26 And to Seth there was also born a son; and he called his name Enosh. Then men began to call on the name of YHWH.

5:1 This is the book of the generations of Adam. In the day that God created man, He made him in the likeness of God; 5:2 He created them male and female, and blessed them, and called their name Adam, in the day when they were created. 5:3 And Adam lived for a hundred and thirty years, and had a son in his own likeness, after his image; and called his name Seth. 5:4 And the days of Adam after he became the father of Seth were eight hundred years; and he had sons and daughters. 5:5 And all the days that Adam lived were nine hundred and thirty years; and he died.

5:6 And Seth lived for a hundred and five years, and became the father of Enosh. 5:7 And Seth lived after he became the father of Enosh for eight hundred and seven years, and had sons and daughters. 5:8 And all the days of Seth were nine hundred and twelve years; and he died.

5:9 And Enosh lived for ninety years, and became the father of Kenan. 5:10 And Enosh lived after he begot Kenan for eight hundred and fifteen years, and had sons and daughters. 5:11 And all the days of Enosh were nine hundred and five years; and he died.

5:12 And Kenan lived for seventy years, and became the father of Mahalalel. 5:13 And Kenan lived after he became the father of Mahalalel for eight hundred and forty years, and had sons and daughters. 5:14 And all the days of Kenan were nine hundred and ten years; and he died.

5:15 And Mahalalel lived for sixty-five years, and became the father of Jared. 5:16 And Mahalalel lived after he begot Jared for eight hundred and thirty years, and had sons and daughters. 5:17 And all the days of Mahalalel were eight hundred and ninety-five years; and he died.

5:18 And Jared lived for a hundred and sixty-two years, and became the father of Enoch. 5:19 And Jared lived after he became the father of Enoch for eight hundred years, and had sons and daughters. 5:20 And all the days of Jared were nine hundred and sixty-two years; and he died.

5:21 And Enoch lived for sixty-five years, and became the father of Methuselah. 5:22 And Enoch walked with God 13 after he became the father of Methuselah for three hundred years, and had sons and daughters. 5:23 And all the days of Enoch were three hundred and sixty-five years. 5:24 And Enoch walked with God, 14 and he was not; for God took him.

 

Seventh Torah Reading: Genesis 5:25-6:8

5:25 And Methuselah lived for a hundred and eighty-seven years, and became the father of Lamech. 5:26 And Methuselah lived after he became the father of Lamech for seven hundred and eighty-two years, and had sons and daughters. 5:27 And all the days of Methuselah were nine hundred and sixty-nine years; and he died.

5:28 And Lamech lived for a hundred eighty-two years, and had a son. 5:29 And he called his name Noah, saying, “This one shall comfort us in our work and in the toil of our hands, which comes from the ground which YHWH has cursed.” 5:30 And Lamech lived after he became the father of Noah for five hundred and ninety-five years, and had sons and daughters. 5:31 And all the days of Lamech were seven hundred and seventy-seven years; and he died.

5:32 And Noah was five hundred years old; and Noah became the father of Shem, Ham, and Japheth.

6:1 And it came to pass, when men began to multiply on the face of the earth, and daughters were born to them, 6:2 that the sons of God saw the daughters of men, that they were fair; and they took wives for themselves, whomever they chose.

6:3 And YHWH said, “My spirit shall not abide in man forever, for that he also is flesh; therefore his days shall be a hundred and twenty years.”

6:4 The Nephilim were in the earth in those days, and also after that, when the sons of God came in to the daughters of men, and they bore children to them; these were the mighty men of old, the men of renown.

6:5 And YHWH saw that the wickedness of man was great on the earth, and that every imagination of the thoughts of his heart was only evil continually. 6:6 And YHWH was sorry that He had made man on the earth, and it grieved Him to His heart. 6:7 And YHWH said, “I will blot out man whom I have created from the face of the earth; both man, and beast, and creeping thing, and fowl of the air; for I am sorry that I have made them.”

6:8 But Noah found grace in the eyes of YHWH.

 

Prophets’ Reading: Isaiah 42:5-43:10

42:5 This is what God YHWH says– He that created the heavens, and stretched them forth; He that spread forth the earth, and that which comes out of it; He that gives breath to the people upon it, and spirit to them that walk on it– 42:6 “I, YHWH, have called you in righteousness, and have taken hold of your hand, and have kept you, and have set you as a covenant of the people, 15 as a light to the nations: 42:7 to open the blind eyes, to bring out the prisoners from the dungeon, and to bring them that sit in darkness out of the prison house.

42:8 “I am YHWH: that is My name; and I will not give My glory to another, nor My praise to graven images. 42:9 Behold, the former things have come to pass, and I declare new things; I tell you about them before they spring forth.”

42:10 Sing a new song to YHWH, 16 and His praise from the ends of the earth; you that go down to the sea, and all that is in it; the isles, and its inhabitants. 42:11 Let the wilderness and its cities lift up their voice, the villages that Kedar inhabits; let the inhabitants of Sela exalt, let them shout from the top of the mountains. 42:12 Let them give glory to YHWH, and declare His praise in the islands. 42:13 YHWH will go forth as a mighty man, 17 He will stir up jealousy like a man of war; He will cry, yes, He will shout aloud, He will prove Himself mighty against His enemies.

42:14 I have held My peace for a long time; I have been still, and refrained Myself; now I will cry like a woman in travail, gasping and panting at once. 42:15 I will make waste mountains and hills, and dry up all their herbs; and I will make the rivers islands, and will dry up the pools. 42:16 And I will bring the blind by a way that they did not know; and I will lead them in paths that they did not know; I will make darkness into light before them, and rugged places into plain. I will do these things, and I will not leave them undone. 42:17 They that trust in graven images, and that say to molten images, “You are our gods,” shall be turned back, greatly ashamed.

42:18 Hear, you who are deaf; and look, you who are blind; that you may see. 42:19 Who is blind, but My servant? Or deaf, as My messenger that I send? 18 Who is as blind as he that is wholehearted, 19 and blind as YHWH’s servant? 20 42:20 Seeing many things, you do not observe; opening the ears, he does not hear. 42:21 YHWH was pleased, for His righteousness’ sake, to magnify the Torah, and make it glorious. 42:22 But this is a people robbed and spoiled, they are all snared in holes, and they are hid in prison houses; they are for a prey, and no one delivers, for a spoil, and no one says, “Restore.” 42:23 Who among you will give ear to this? Who will listen, and hear for the time to come? 42:24 Who gave Jacob as a spoil, and Israel to the robbers? Did not YHWH? It is He against whom we have sinned, and in whose ways they would not walk, neither were they obedient to His Torah. 42:25 Therefore He poured upon him the fury of His anger, and the strength of battle; and it set him on fire all around, yet he did not know it, and it burned him, yet he did not lay it to heart.

43:1 But now this is what YHWH says that created you, O Jacob, and He that formed you, O Israel: “Do not be afraid, for I have redeemed you. I have called you by your name; you are Mine. 43:2 When you pass through the waters, I will be with you, and through the rivers, they shall not overflow you; when you walk through the fire, you shall not be burned, neither shall the flame kindle upon you. 43:3 For I am YHWH your God, the Holy One of Israel, your Savior; 21 I have given Egypt as your ransom, Ethiopia and Seba for you. 43:4 Since you are precious in My sight, and honourable, and I have loved you; therefore I will give men for your sake, and peoples for your life. 43:5 Do not be afraid, for I am with you; I will bring your seed from the east, and gather you from the west; 43:6 I will say to the north, ‘Give them up,’ and to the south, ‘Do not keep them back.’ Bring My sons from far off, and My daughters from the ends of the earth; 43:7 even everyone that is called by My name, for I have created him for My glory, and I have formed him; yes, I have made him. 43:8 The blind people that have eyes shall be brought forth, as well as the deaf that have ears.”

43:9 All the nations are gathered together, and the peoples are assembled; 22 who among them can declare this, and announce former things to us? Let them bring their witnesses, that they may be justified; and let them hear, and say, “It is truth.”

43:10 “You are My witnesses,” 23 says YHWH, “And My servant, whom I have chosen; that you may know and believe Me, and understand that I am He; before Me there was no God formed, neither shall there be any after Me.”

 

Apostles’ Reading: John 1:1-18

1:1 In the beginning was the Word; and the Word was with God; and the Word was God. 1:2 He was in the beginning with God. 1:3 Everything was by His hand; and nothing whatever existed without Him. 1:4 In Him was life; and the life was the light of man. 1:5 And this light shone in the darkness; and the darkness did not apprehend it.

1:6 There was a man sent from God, whose name was John. 1:7 He came for testimony, to bear witness concerning the light. 1:8 He was not himself the light, but came to bear witness concerning the light. 1:9 The true light was that which enlightens every man who comes into the world.

1:10 He was in the world; and the world came by His hand; and the world did not know Him. 1:11 He came to His own; and His own did not receive Him. 1:12 But for those which did receive Him, He gave to them the right to be children of God; even to them that believe on His name; 1:13 who are born not of blood, nor of the pleasure of the flesh, nor of the pleasure of man, but of God.

1:14 And the Word became flesh, and tabernacled with us; and we saw His glory, a glory as of the only begotten from the Father, that He was full of grace and truth. 1:15 John testified of Him, and cried, and said, “This is He, of whom I said, that He comes after me, and is before me; for he was prior to me.” 1:16 And from His fullness have we all received, and grace for grace; 1:17 for the Torah was given by the hand of Moses, and truth and grace came by the hand of Yeshua the Messiah.

1:18 Now no man has ever seen God; but the only begotten God, 24 He who is in the bosom of His Father, has declared Him.

 

Footnotes

1 Following DSS and LXX. “And the water… dry land appeared” is lacking in MT and AP.
2 Following AP and LXX. MT and DSS have “seventh day.”
3 LXX has “This is the book of the generations of…”
4 AP has “a helper who is like him.” LXX has “a help suitable to him.”
5 AP has “a helper who was equal to him.” LXX has “a help like to himself.”
6 Following DSS. MT, AP, and LXX lack “really.”
7 Following AP and LXX. “Let us go out into the field” is lacking in the MT and DSS.
8 LXX has “You shall be groaning and trembling on the earth.”
9 AP and LXX have “My crime is too great for me to be forgiven.
10 LXX has “I shall be groaning and trembling on the earth.”
11 Following AP and LXX. MT has “Therefore.”
12 AP has “I have killed a man by wounding him, and a boy by beating him.” LXX has “because I have slain a man to my sorrow and a youth to my grief.”
13 AP has “Enoch found favor in the presence of God.” LXX has “Enoch was well pleasing to God.”
14 AP has “Enoch found favor in the presence of God.” LXX has “Enoch was well pleasing to God.”
15 Some DSS manuscripts have “an everlasting covenant.”
16 LXX adds “you who are His dominion.”
17 LXX has “YHWH God of hosts shall go forth, and crush the war.”
18 LXX has “and deaf, but they that rule over them?”
19 AP has “Who is blind as the ruler?”
20 LXX has “yes, the servants of God have been made blind.”
21 DSS has “Redeemer.”
22 LXX has “and princes shall be gathered out of them.”
23 LXX adds “and I, too, am a witness.”
24 OS has “an only Son.” The majority of LXX manuscripts have “the only begotten Son.”

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