Parallel Study of the Olivet Discourse

In studying the three synoptic parallel accounts of the Good News, I have found that there is much information contained in each account that is exclusive to that account, and not found among the other two texts; so I have put this chart together for the purpose of studying Yeshua’s teachings regarding the signs of the return of His coming, and to gain a deeper understanding of the wisdom that is being presented.

The three texts being cross-examined are Matthew 24, Mark 13, and Luke 21. There is then, after the cross examination, the full text of Matthew 25, which has no full parallel in the other texts, but regardless is part of the same teaching, and the final few verses of Luke 21, which sufficiently bring the teaching to a close. The text of Matthew follows that as presented in the Torah Driven Life edition of Matthew, whereas the text of Mark and Luke follow the World English Bible. The italicized text in Matthew 24:40-41 has been supplemented from the Shem Tob Hebrew Matthew.

It is my belief that by studying the three accounts together and corroborating the evidence, a more accurate depiction of the story will emerge than by studying each account individually. So without further ado…

 

Matthew 24

Mark 13

Luke 21

3 As He sat on the Mount of Olives, the disciples came to Him privately, saying, “Tell us, when will these things be? What is the sign of Your coming, and of the end of the age?” 3 As He sat on the Mount of Olives opposite the temple, Peter, James, John, and Andrew asked him privately, 4 “Tell us, when will these things be? What is the sign that these things are all about to be fulfilled?” 7 They asked Him, “Rabbi, so when will these things be? What is the sign that these things are about to happen?”
4 Yeshua answered them, “Be careful that no one leads you astray.5 For many will come in My name, saying, ‘I am the Messiah,’ and will lead many astray. 5 Yeshua, answering, began to tell them, “Be careful that no one leads you astray. 6 For many will come in my name, saying, ‘I am he!’ and will lead many astray. 8 He said, “Watch out that you do not get led astray, for many will come in My name, saying, ‘I am he,’ and, ‘The time is at hand.’ Therefore do not follow them.”
6 You will hear of wars and rumors of wars. See that you are not troubled, for all this must happen, but the end is not yet. 7 When you hear of wars and rumors of wars, do not be troubled. For those must happen, but the end is not yet. 9 When you hear of wars and disturbances, do not be terrified, for these things must happen first, but the end will not come immediately.
7 For nation will rise against nation, and kingdom against kingdom; and there will be famines, plagues, and earthquakes in various places. 8 But all these things are the beginning of birth pains. 8 For nation will rise against nation, and kingdom against kingdom. There will be earthquakes in various places. There will be famines and troubles. These things are the beginning of birth pains. 10 Then he said to them, “Nation will rise against nation, and kingdom against kingdom. 11 There will be great earthquakes, famines, and plagues in various places. There will be terrors and great signs from heaven.
9 Then they will deliver you up to oppression, and will kill you. You will be hated by all of the nations for my name’s sake. 9 But watch yourselves, for they will deliver you up to councils. You will be beaten in synagogues. You will stand before rulers and kings for my sake, for a testimony to them. 12 But before all these things, they will lay their hands on you and will persecute you, delivering you up to synagogues and prisons, bringing you before kings and governors for my name’s sake. 13 It will turn out as a testimony for you.
10 The Good News must first be preached to all the nations.
11 When they lead you away and deliver you up, do not be anxious beforehand, or premeditate what you will say, but say whatever will be given you in that hour. For it is not you who speak, but the Holy Spirit. 14 Settle it therefore in your hearts not to meditate beforehand how to answer, 15 for I will give you a mouth and wisdom which all your adversaries will not be able to withstand or to contradict.
10 Then many will stumble, and will deliver up one another, and will hate one another. 12 Brother will deliver up brother to death, and the father his child. Children will rise up against parents, and cause them to be put to death. 13 You will be hated by all men for my name’s sake, but he who endures to the end, the same will be saved. 16 You will be handed over even by parents, brothers, relatives, and friends. They will cause some of you to be put to death. 17 You will be hated by all men for my name’s sake. 18 And not a hair of your head will perish.
19 By your endurance you will win your lives.
11 Many false prophets will arise, and will lead many astray. 12 Because Torah breaking will be multiplied, the love of many will grow cold. 13 But he who endures to the end, the same will be saved. 14 This Good News of the Kingdom will be preached in the whole world for a testimony to all the nations, and then the end will come.
20 But when you see Jerusalem surrounded by armies, then know that its desolation is at hand.
15 When, therefore, you see the abomination of desolation, which was spoken of through Daniel the prophet, standing in the holy place- let the reader understand- 14 But when you see the abomination of desolation, spoken of by Daniel the prophet, standing where it ought not- let the reader understand-
16 then let those who are in Judea flee to the mountains. 14e then let those who are in Judea flee to the mountains, 21a Then let those who are in Judea flee to the mountains.
17 Let him who is on the housetop not go down to take out things that are in his house. 15 and let him who is on the housetop not go down, nor enter in, to take anything out of his house.
18 Let him who is in the field not return back to get his clothes. 16 Let him who is in the field not return back to take his cloak.
21b Let those who are in the midst of her depart. Let those who are in the country not enter therein.
19 But woe to those who are with child and to nursing mothers in those days! 17 But woe to those who are with child and to those who nurse babies in those days!
20 Pray that your flight will not be in the winter, nor on a Sabbath, 18 Pray that your flight will not be in the winter.
21 for then there will be great oppression, such as has not been from the beginning of the world until now, no, nor ever will be. 19 For in those days there will be oppression, such as there has not been the like from the beginning of the creation which God created until now, and never will be.
22 Unless those days had been shortened, no flesh would have been saved. But for the sake of the chosen ones, those days will be shortened. 20 Unless the Lord had shortened the days, no flesh would have been saved; but for the sake of the chosen ones, whom he picked out, he shortened the days.
22 For these are days of vengeance, that all things which are written may be fulfilled. 23 Woe to those who are pregnant and to those who nurse infants in those days! For there will be great distress in the land, and wrath to this people. 24 They will fall by the edge of the sword, and will be led captive into all the nations. Jerusalem will be trampled down by the Gentiles, until the times of the Gentiles are fulfilled.
23 Then if any man tells you, ‘Behold, here is the Messiah,’ or, ‘There,’ do not believe it. 21 Then if anyone tells you, ‘Look, here is the Messiah!’ or, ‘Look, there!’ do not believe it.
24 For there will arise false messiahs, and false prophets, and they will show great signs and wonders, so as to lead astray, if possible, even the chosen ones. 22 For there will arise false messiahs and false prophets, and will show signs and wonders, that they may lead astray, if possible, even the chosen ones.
25 Behold, I have told you beforehand. 23 But you watch. Behold, I have told you all things beforehand.
26 If therefore they tell you, ‘Behold, He is in the wilderness,’ do not go out; ‘Behold, He is in the inner rooms,’ do not believe it.
27 For as the lightning flashes from the east, and is seen even to the west, so will be the coming of the Son of Man.
28 For wherever the carcass is, there is where the vultures gather together.
29 But immediately after the oppression of those days, the sun will be darkened, the moon will not give its light, the stars will fall from the sky, and the powers of the heavens will be shaken; 24 But in those days, after that oppression, the sun will be darkened, the moon will not give its light, 25 the stars will be falling from the sky, and the powers that are in the heavens will be shaken. 25 There will be signs in the sun, moon, and stars; and on the earth anxiety of nations, in perplexity for the roaring of the sea and the waves; 26 men fainting for fear, and for expectation of the things which are coming on the world: for the powers of the heavens will be shaken.
30 and then the sign of the Son of Man will appear in the sky. Then all the tribes of the earth will mourn, and they will see the Son of Man coming on the clouds of the sky with power and great glory. 26 Then they will see the Son of Man coming in clouds with great power and glory. 27 Then they will see the Son of Man coming in a cloud with power and great glory.
28 But when these things begin to happen, look up, and lift up your heads, because your redemption is near.”
31 He will send out His angels with a great sound of a shofar, and they will gather together His chosen ones from the four winds, from one end of the sky to the other. 27 Then he will send out his angels, and will gather together his chosen ones from the four winds, from the ends of the earth to the ends of the sky.
32 Now from the fig tree learn this parable. When its branch has now become tender, and puts forth its leaves, you know that the summer is near. 28 Now from the fig tree, learn this parable. When the branch has now become tender, and puts forth its leaves, you know that the summer is near; 29 He told them a parable. “See the fig tree, and all the trees. 30 When they are already budding, you see it and know by your own selves that the summer is already near.
33 Even so you also, when you see all these things, know that it is near, even at the doors. 29 even so you also, when you see these things coming to pass, know that it is near, at the doors. 31 Even so you also, when you see these things happening, know that the Kingdom of God is near.
34 Most certainly I tell you, this generation will not pass away, until all these things are accomplished. 30 Most certainly I say to you, this generation will not pass away until all these things happen. 32 Most certainly I tell you, this generation will not pass away until all things are accomplished.
35 Heaven and earth will pass away, but my words will not pass away. 31 Heaven and earth will pass away, but my words will not pass away. 33 Heaven and earth will pass away, but my words will by no means pass away.
36 But no one knows of that day and hour, not even the angels of heaven, but My Father only. 32 But of that day or that hour no one knows, not even the angels in heaven, nor the Son, but only the Father.
37 As the days of Noah were, so will be the coming of the Son of Man. 38 For as in those days which were before the flood they were eating and drinking, marrying and giving in marriage, until the day that Noah entered into the ship, 39 and they did not know until the flood came, and took them all away, so will be the coming of the Son of Man. 40 Then two men will be in the field: one righteous and the other evil- one will be taken and one will be left; 41 two women grinding at the mill, one will be taken and one will be left. This is because the angels, at the end of the world, will remove the stumbling blocks from the world, and will separate the good from the evil. 42 Watch therefore, for you do not know in what hour your Lord comes. 43 But know this, that if the master of the house had known in what watch of the night the thief was coming, he would have watched, and would not have allowed his house to be broken into.
44 Therefore also be ready, for in an hour that you do not expect, the Son of Man will come. 33 Watch, keep alert, and pray; for you do not know when the time is.
45 Who then is the faithful and wise servant, whom his lord has set over his household, to give them their food in due season? 46 Blessed is that servant whom his lord finds doing so when he comes. 47 Most certainly I tell you that he will set him over all that he has. 48 But if that evil servant should say in his heart, ‘My lord is delaying his coming,’ 49 and begins to beat his fellow servants, and eat and drink with the drunkards, 50 the lord of that servant will come in a day when he does not expect it, and in an hour when he does not know it, 51 and will cut him in pieces, and appoint his portion with the hypocrites. There is where the weeping and grinding of teeth will be.”
34 It is like a man, traveling to another country, having left his house, and given authority to his servants, and to each one his work, and also commanded the doorkeeper to keep watch. 35 Watch therefore, for you do not know when the lord of the house is coming, whether at evening, or at midnight, or when the rooster crows, or in the morning; 36 lest coming suddenly he might find you sleeping. 37 What I tell you, I tell all: Watch.”
34 So be careful, or your hearts will be loaded down with carousing, drunkenness, and cares of this life, and that day will come on you suddenly. 35 For it will come like a snare on all those who dwell on the surface of all the earth. 36 Therefore be watchful all the time, praying that you may be counted worthy to escape all these things that will happen, and to stand before the Son of Man.”

 

Matthew 25

1 “Then the Kingdom of Heaven will be like ten virgins, who took their lamps, and went out to meet the bridegroom. 2 Five of them were foolish, and five were wise. 3 Those who were foolish, when they took their lamps, took no oil with them, 4 but the wise took oil in their vessels with their lamps.

5 “Now while the bridegroom delayed, they all slumbered and slept. 6 But at midnight there was a cry, ‘Behold! The bridegroom is coming! Come out to meet him!’

7 “Then all those virgins arose, and trimmed their lamps. 8 The foolish said to the wise, ‘Give us some of your oil, for our lamps are going out.’

9 “But the wise answered, saying, ‘What if there is not enough for us and you? You go rather to those who sell, and buy for yourselves.’

10 “While they went away to buy, the bridegroom came, and those who were ready went in with him to the marriage feast, and the door was shut. 11 Afterward the other virgins also came, saying, ‘Lord, Lord, open to us.’

12 “But he answered, ‘Most certainly I tell you, I do not know you.’ 13 Watch therefore, for you do not know the day nor the hour in which the Son of Man is coming.

14 “For it is like a man, going into another country, who called his own servants, and entrusted his goods to them. 15 To one he gave five talents, to another two, to another one; to each according to his own ability. Then he went on his journey.

16 “Immediately he who received the five talents went and traded with them, and made another five talents. 17 In the same way, he also who got the two gained another two. 18 But he who received the one went away and dug in the earth, and hid his lord’s money.

19 “Now after a long time the lord of those servants came, and reconciled accounts with them. 20 He who received the five talents came and brought another five talents, saying, ‘Lord, you delivered to me five talents. Behold, I have gained another five talents besides them.’

21 “His lord said to him, ‘Well done, good and faithful servant. You have been faithful over a few things, I will set you over many things. Enter into the joy of your lord.’

22 “He also who got the two talents came and said, ‘Lord, you delivered to me two talents. Behold, I have gained another two talents besides them.’

23 “His lord said to him, ‘Well done, good and faithful servant. You have been faithful over a few things, I will set you over many things. Enter into the joy of your lord.’

24 “He also who had received the one talent came and said, ‘Lord, I knew you that you are a hard man, reaping where you did not sow, and gathering where you did not scatter. 25 I was afraid, and went away and hid your talent in the earth. Behold, you have what is yours.’

26 “But his lord answered him, ‘You wicked and slothful servant! You knew that I reap where I did not sow, and gather where I did not scatter. 27 You ought therefore to have deposited my money with the bankers, and at my coming I should have received back my own with interest. 28 Take away therefore the talent from him, and give it to him who has the ten talents. 29 For to everyone who has will be given, and he will have abundance, but from him who does not have, even that which he has will be taken away. 30 Throw out the unprofitable servant into the outer darkness, where there will be weeping and gnashing of teeth.’

31 “But when the Son of Man comes in His glory, and all the holy angels with Him, then He will sit on the throne of His glory. 32 Before Him all the nations will be gathered, and He will separate them one from another, as a shepherd separates the sheep from the goats. 33 He will set the sheep on his right hand, but the goats on the left.

34 “Then the King will tell those on His right hand, ‘Come, blessed of My Father, inherit the Kingdom prepared for you from the foundation of the world. 35 For I was hungry, and you gave Me food to eat. I was thirsty, and you gave Me drink. I was a stranger, and you took Me in. 36 I was naked, and you clothed Me. I was sick, and you visited Me. I was in prison, and you came to Me.’

37 “Then the righteous will answer Him, saying, ‘Lord, when did we see You hungry, and feed You; or thirsty, and give You a drink? 38 When did we see You as a stranger, and take You in; or naked, and clothe You? 39 When did we see You sick, or in prison, and come to You?’

40 “The King will answer them, ‘Most certainly I tell you, inasmuch as you did it to one of the least of these My brothers, you did it to Me.’

41 Then He will say also to those on the left hand, ‘Depart from Me, you cursed, into the eternal fire which is prepared for the devil and his angels; 42 for I was hungry, and you did not give Me food to eat; I was thirsty, and you gave Me no drink; 43 I was a stranger, and you did not take Me in; naked, and you did not clothe Me; sick, and in prison, and you did not visit Me.’

44 “Then they will also answer, saying, ‘Lord, when did we see You hungry, or thirsty, or a stranger, or naked, or sick, or in prison, and did not help You?’

45 “Then He will answer them, saying, ‘Most certainly I tell you, inasmuch as you did not do it to one of the least of these, you did not do it to Me.’ 46 These will go away into eternal punishment, but the righteous into eternal life.”

Luke 21

37 Every day Yeshua was teaching in the temple, and every night He would go out and spend the night on the mountain that is called Olivet. 38 All the people came early in the morning to Him in the temple to hear Him.

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