Based primarily upon the translations by George Schodde (1882) and R. H. Charles. (1913) Updated, revised, and annotated into modern English by J. Jury.
All contents copyright (C) 2017 by Torah Driven Life Publications as part of the Complete Scriptures Version. (CSV)
1 The words of the blessing of Enoch with which he blessed the chosen and righteous, who will be living on the day of tribulation when all the wicked and ungodly shall be removed.
2 And then answered and spoke Enoch, a righteous man, whose eyes were opened by God, so that he saw a holy vision in the heavens, which the angels showed to me, and from them I heard everything, and I knew what I saw– not for this generation, but for the far-off generations which are to come.
3 Concerning the chosen, I spoke and conversed about them with the Holy and Great One, who will come from His abode, the God of the world.4 And from there He will step on to Mount Sinai, and appear with His hosts, and appear in the strength of His power from heaven.5 And all will fear, and the watchers will tremble, and great fear and terror will seize them to the ends of the earth.6 And the exalted mountains will be shaken, and the high hills will be lowered, and will melt like wax before the flame.7 And the earth will be submerged, and everything that is on the earth will be destroyed, and there will be a judgment upon everything, even upon all the righteous.8 But to the righteous He will give peace, and will protect the chosen, and mercy will abide over them, and they will all be God’s, and will be prosperous and blessed, and the light of God will shine for them.
9 And behold, He comes with ten thousands of His holy ones, to execute judgment upon them, and will destroy the wicked, and will call to account all flesh for everything the sinners and the ungodly have done and committed against Him. 1
1 I observed everything that took place in the heavens, how the luminaries, which are in the heavens, do not depart from their paths, that each one rises and sets in order, each in its time, and they do not depart from their laws.2 See the earth and observe the things that are done on it, from the first to the last, how no work of God is irregular in appearing.3 See the summer and the winter, how then the whole earth is full of water, and clouds and dew and rain rest over it.
1 I then observed and saw how all the trees appeared as if withered, and all their leaves are shaken off, except fourteen trees, whose leaves are not shaken off, but which abide with the old from two to three years, until the new come.
1 And again I observed the days of summer, how the sun is then above the earth, and opposite to it; but you seek cool and shady places because of the heat of the sun, and the earth also burns with fervent heat, but you cannot step on the earth or on a rock because of their heat.
1 I observed how the trees cover themselves with the green of the leaves and bear fruit. Now observe all this, and learn how He who lives forever has made all these for you–2 how His works are before Him in every year that comes, and all His works serve Him, and are not changed, but as God has ordained, so everything takes place.3 And see how the seas and the rivers together accomplish their work.
4 But you have not persevered, and have not done the commandment of the Lord, but have transgressed, and have slandered His greatness with high and hard words from your unclean mouths. You hardhearted, you will have no peace.5 And therefore you will curse your days, and the years of your lives perish; the everlasting curse will increase, and you will receive no mercy.6 On that day you will give away your peace for an everlasting curse to all the righteous, and they will perpetually curse you as sinners, you together with the sinners;7 but for the chosen there will be light, joy, and peace, and they will inherit the earth; but for you, the unrighteous, there will be a curse.8 And then also wisdom will be given to the chosen, and they will all live, and will not continue to sin: neither through wickedness nor through pride; but they in whom there is wisdom will be humble without continuing to sin.9 And they will not be punished all the days of their lives, and will not die through plagues or judgments of wrath, but the number of the days of their lives will be completed, and their lives will become old in peace, and the years of their joy will be many in everlasting happiness and peace, for all the days of their lives.
1 And it came to pass, after the children of men had increased in those days, beautiful and comely daughters were born to them.2 And the angels, the sons of the heavens, saw and lusted after them, and said one to another, “Behold, we will choose for ourselves wives from among the children of men, and will beget for ourselves children.”
3 And Shemjaza, who was their leader, said to them, “I fear that perhaps you will not be willing to do this deed, and I alone shall suffer for this great sin.”
4 Then all answered him, and said, “We all will swear an oath, and bind ourselves mutually by a curse, that we will not give up this plan, but will make this plan a deed.”5 Then they all swore together, and bound themselves mutually by a curse; and together they were two hundred.6 And they descended in the days of Jared upon the summit of Mount Hermon; and they called it Mount Hermon, because they had sworn on it, and bound themselves mutually by a curse.7 And these are the names of their leaders: Shemjaza, who was their leader; Arakalba, second to him; Rameel, third to him; Kokabel, fourth to him; Tamiel, fifth to him; Ramuel, sixth to him; Daniel, seventh to him; Azkiel, eighth to him; Barakiel, ninth to him; Asael, tenth to him; Hermoni, eleventh to him; Batrael, twelfth to him; Ananel, thirteenth to him; Zakiel, fourteenth to him; Samsaviel, fifteenth to him; Satriel, sixteenth to him; Tummiel, seventeenth to him; Turiel, eighteenth to him; Jomiel, nineteenth to him; and Jehadiel, twentieth to him. 2
8 These are the leaders of the two hundred angels, and the others all were with them.
1 And they took to themselves wives, and each chose for himself one, and they began to go in to them, and to defile themselves with them, and taught them sorcery and incantations, and made them acquainted with the dividing of roots and of plants.2 And they became pregnant and brought forth great giants, whose stature was three thousand ells. 33 These devoured all which the labor of mankind produced, until the men were unable to sustain them.4 And the giants turned themselves against mankind in order to devour them.5 And they began to sin against the birds, the beasts, the reptiles, and the fish, and devoured their flesh among themselves, and drank their blood.
6 Then the earth complained of the lawless ones.
1 And Azazel taught mankind to make swords and knives and shields and coats of mail, and taught them to see what was behind them, and their works of art: bracelets and ornaments, and the use of rouge, and the beautifying of the eye-brows, and the dearest and choicest stones and all coloring substances and the metals of the earth.2 And there was great wickedness and much fornication, and they sinned, and all their ways were corrupt.3 Amezarak taught all the conjurers and root-cutters, Armaros the loosening of conjurations, Baraq’el the astrologers, Kokabel the signs, and Temel taught astrology, and Asradel taught the course of the moon.
4 And in the destruction of mankind, they cried aloud, and their voices reached heaven.
1 Then Michael, Gabriel, Raphael, and Uriel looked down from heaven, and saw the great amount of blood which had been spilled on the earth, and all the wickedness which had been committed over the earth.2 And they said to one another, “The emptied earth reechoes the sound of their cries up to the gates of heaven.3 And now to you, O holy ones of heaven, the souls of men cry, saying, ‘Secure us judgment before the Most High.’”
4 And they spoke to the Lord, to the King, “O Lord of lords, God of gods, King of kings, the throne of Your majesty is among all the generations of the world; and Your name is holy and glorious, among all the generations of the world. You are blessed and praised!5 You have made all things, and all power is with You, all things are open before You and uncovered; You see all things, and nothing can hide itself from You.6 See, then, what Azazel has done, how he has taught all wickedness on earth, and has revealed the secrets of the world which were prepared in the heavens.7 And Shemjaza, to whom You have given the power to be chief of his associates, has made known sorcery.8 And they have gone together to the daughters of men, and have slept with them, with those women, and have defiled themselves, and have revealed to them these sins.9 And the women have brought forth giants, and by them the whole earth has been filled with blood and wickedness.10 And now, behold, the souls which have died cry and lament to the gates of heaven, and their groans ascend, and they are not able to escape from the wickedness which is committed on the earth. 411 And You know everything before it comes to pass, and You know this, and their circumstances, and yet You do not speak to us. What shall we therefore do in regard to this?”
1 Then the Most High, the Great and Holy One, spoke, and sent Uriel to the son of Lamech, and said to him,2 “Tell him in My name: ‘Hide Yourself!’ And reveal to him the end which is to come. For the whole earth will be destroyed, and the water of the deluge is about to come over the whole earth, and what is upon it will be destroyed.3 And now instruct him that he may escape, and his seed shall remain on the whole earth.”
4 And again the Lord spoke to Raphael, “Bind Azazel hand and foot, and put him in the darkness; make an opening in the desert, which is in Dudael, and put him there.5 And lay upon him rough and pointed rocks, and cover him with darkness, that he may remain there forever, and cover his face that he may not see the light!6 And on the great day of judgment he will be cast into the fire.7 And heal the earth which the angels have defiled, and announce the healing of the earth that I will heal it, and that not all the sons of men shall be destroyed through the mystery of all the things which the watchers have spoken and have taught their sons.8 And the whole earth was defiled through the example of the deeds of Azazel; to him ascribe all the sins.”
9 And God said to Gabriel, “Go against the bastards and those cast off and against the children of fornication, and destroy the children of fornication and the children of the watchers from among men; lead them out, and let them loose that they may destroy each other by murder; for their days shall not be long.10 And they will all supplicate you, but their fathers will secure nothing for them, although they expect an everlasting life, and that each one of them will live five hundred years.”
11 And God said to Michael, “Announce to Shemjaza and to the others who are with him, who have bound themselves to women, to be destroyed with them in all their contamination.12 When all their sons shall have slain one another, and they shall have seen the destruction of their beloved ones, bind them under the hills of the earth for seventy generations, until the day of their judgment and of their end, until the last judgment has been passed for all eternity.13 And in those days they will be led to the abyss of fire, in torture and in prison they will be locked for all eternity,14 and then he will burn, and be destroyed; they will be burned together from now on to the end of all generations.15 And destroy all souls of lust, and the children of the watchers, because they have oppressed mankind.16 Destroy all oppression from the face of the earth, and all wicked deeds shall cease, and the plant of righteousness and truth shall appear, and deeds will become a blessing: righteous and truth will be planted in joy forever.17 Then all the righteous will bend the knee, and they will remain alive until they beget a thousand children, and they will complete all the days of their youth and their old age in peace.
18 “And in those days the whole earth will be worked in righteousness, and will all be planted with trees, and will be full of blessings.19 And all the trees of desire will be planted on it, and vines will be planted on it; the vine planted on it will bear fruit in abundance. And of all the seed sown on it one measure will bear ten thousand, and one measure of olives will make ten presses of oil.20 And you shall cleanse the earth of all oppression and all unrighteousness, and all sin and all wickedness, and all uncleanness, which are produced on the earth; eradicate them from the earth.21 And all the children of men shall become righteous, and all the nations shall worship Me as God, and bless, and all will worship Me.22 And the earth will be cleansed of all corruption, and all sin and all punishment and all torment, and I will never again send a flood upon it, from generation to generation, to eternity.”
1 “And in those days I will open the storerooms of blessings which are in heaven, in order to bring them down upon the earth, upon the deeds and labor of the children of men.2 Peace and truth will become associates in all the days of the world, and in all the generations of the world.”
1 And previous to all these things Enoch was hidden, and not one of the children of men knew where he was hidden, and where he was, and what had become of him.2 And all his deeds were with the holy ones and with the watchers in his days.
3 And I, Enoch, was praising the great Lord and the King of the world, and, behold, the watchers called to me, Enoch, the scribe, and said to me,4 “Enoch, you scribe of righteousness: go, announce to the watchers of heaven, who have left the high and holy heaven, eternal place, and have defiled themselves with women, and have done as the children of men do, and have taken to themselves wives, and have greatly corrupted themselves upon the earth.5 But upon earth they shall have no peace, nor forgiveness of sin; for they will not enjoy their children.6 They will see the murder of their beloved ones, and they will lament over the destruction of their children, and will petition to eternity, but shall not obtain mercy and peace.”
1 And Enoch, departing, said to Azazel, “You will have no peace; a great condemnation has come upon you, and he will bind you;2 and relief, intercession, and mercy will not be yours, because you have taught oppression, and because of all the deeds of abuse, oppression, and sin which you have showed to the children of men.”
3 And then going, I spoke to them all together; and they were all afraid, fear and trembling seized them.4 And they asked me to write a memorial petition for them, that they thereby might attain forgiveness, and to carry their memorial petition before God into heaven.5 For they could not, from now on, speak with him, nor could they raise their eyes towards heaven from shame, on account of their sins, for which they were being punished.
6 Then I wrote this memorial petition, and prayed with reference to their souls and for each of their deeds, and for that which they had asked of me, that by them, they might obtain forgiveness and patience.
7 And going, I sat down near the waters of Dan, in the land of Dan, which is to the south 5 of the west side 6 of Hermon, and read their memorial petition until I fell asleep.8 And, behold, a dream came to me, and visions fell upon me, and I saw the vision of chastisement to show to the sons of heaven, and to upbraid them.
9 And having become awake I went to them, and they were all sitting assembled, lamenting at Abelsjail, which is between the Lebanon and Seneser, with their faces covered.10 And I related before them all the visions that I had seen in my sleep, and commenced to speak those words of righteousness and to reprove the watchmen of heaven.
1 This writing is the Word of Righteousness and the Admonition of the Eternal Watchers, as the Holy and Great One commanded it in this vision.
2 I saw in my sleep what I now will relate with a tongue of flesh and with my breath, which the Great One has given to the mouth of men, that they might converse with it and understand it in their hearts.3 As He has created and given to men the power to understand the Word of Knowledge, thus also He has created me and given to me the power to reprove the watchers, the sons of heaven.
4 “I have written your petition, and in my vision it appeared to me like this, that your petition will not be granted in all the days of the world, and that judgment has been passed over you, and nothing will be granted to you.5 And from now on, you will not ascend into heaven to all eternity, and upon earth, it has been decreed, they shall bind you for all the days of the world.6 But before this, you will have seen the destruction of your beloved children, and you will not be able to possess them, but they shall fall before you by the sword.7 Your petition for them will not be granted to you, nor the one for yourselves; and while you are weeping and praying, you cannot speak a single word from the writing which I have written.”
8 And the vision appeared to me like this: behold, clouds in the vision invited me, and a mist summoned me; and the course of the stars and lightning drove and pressed me, and the winds in the vision gave me wings and caused me to fly.9 And they lifted me up into heaven, and I went until I approached near a wall, which was built of crystals, and tongues of fire surrounded it; and it began to cause me to fear.10 And I went into the tongues of fire, and approached near to a large house, which was built of crystals, and the walls of this house were like a floor inlaid with crystals, and the groundwork was of crystals.11 The ceiling was like the course of the stars and of the lightning, and Cherubim of fire were between them, and their heaven was water.12 A flaming fire surrounded the walls, and its doors burned with fire.13 And I went into this house, and it was hot like fire and cold like ice, and there was nothing pleasant, and no life was in it. Fear covered me, and trembling seized me.
14 And as I was shaking and trembling, and fell down on my face, and saw in a vision;15 and behold, there was a second house, larger than the other, all whose doors stood open before me, and it was built with flames of fire.16 And in all ways, it excelled in grandeur and magnificence and size, so that I cannot describe to you its magnificence and its size.17 Its floor was fire, and above it was lightning and the course of the stars, and its ceiling was also a flaming fire.18 And I looked and saw in it a high throne; its appearance was as crystal, and its wheels were as the shining sun and voices of the Cherubim.19 And from under the great throne came streams of flaming fire, and it was impossible to look at it.20 And He who is great in majesty sat upon it; His garment shone more brilliantly than the sun, and was whiter than any snow.21 None of the angels were able to enter, nor any flesh to look upon the form of the face of the Majestic and Honored One.22 Fire of flaming fire was round him, and a great fire stood before him, and none of those who were around Him could approach Him; ten thousand times ten thousand were before Him; but He required not any holy counsel.23 And the holy ones who were near Him did not leave day or night, nor did they depart from Him.
24 And until then, I had kept such long a veil upon my face, and I trembled; and the Lord called me with His own voice, and said to me, “Come here, Enoch, and to My Holy Word!”
25 And He caused me to arise, and I went to the door; but I bent my face downwards.
1 And He answered, and spoke to me with His Word, “Hear, and do not fear, Enoch, you righteous man, and scribe of righteousness; approach here, and hear My words.2 And go, say to the watchers of heaven, who have sent you, that you should petition for them: ‘You should petition for men, and not men for you.3 Why have you left the high, holy, and everlasting heaven, and lain with women, and defiled yourselves with the daughters of men, and taken wives to yourselves, and acted like the children of earth, and begotten giants as sons?4 While you were spiritual, holy, having eternal life, you defiled yourselves with women, and you have begotten children with the blood of flesh, and have lusted after the blood of men, and have produced flesh and blood as they produce who die, and are destroyed.5 Therefore, I have given them wives, that they might impregnate them, and children be born by them, as it is done on earth.6 You were formerly spiritual, living an eternal life without death to all the generations of the world.7 Therefore, I have not made for you any wives, for spiritual beings have their home in heaven.
8 “And now the giants, who have been begotten from body and flesh, will be called evil spirits on earth, and their dwelling places will be upon the earth.9 Evil spirits proceed from their bodies; because they are created from above, their beginning and primal origin being from the holy watchers, they will be evil spirits upon the earth, and will be called evil spirits.10 But the spirits of heaven have their dwelling places in heaven, and the spirits of the earth, who were born on the earth, have their dwelling places on earth.11 And the spirits of the giants, who cast themselves upon the clouds, will be destroyed and fall, and will battle and cause destruction on the earth, and do evil; they will take no kind of food, but nevertheless will hunger and thirst, and will cause offenses.12 And these spirits will rise up against the children of men and against the women, because they have proceeded from them.”
1 “In the days of murder and destruction, and of the death of the giants, when the spirits have proceeded from the bodies, their flesh shall decay without judgment; thus they shall be destroyed until that day when the great judgment over all the great world shall be completed over the watchers and the unrighteous.2 And now to the watchers who have sent you, that you should petition for them who were formerly in heaven, say:3 ‘You have been in heaven, and though the secrets were not yet revealed to you, you still knew illegitimate mysteries, and these you have, in the hardness of your hearts, related to the women, and through these mysteries women and men increase wickedness over the earth.’4 Tell them therefore: ‘You have no peace!’”
1 And they took me to a place in which those who were there were like flaming fire, and when they wished, they appeared like men.2 And they led me to the place of the whirlwind, and on a hill, the point of whose summit reached to heaven.3 And I saw shining places, and the thunder at the their ends; in their depths I saw a bow of fire, and arrows and their quiver, and a sword of fire, and all lightning.4 And they took me to the so-called water of life, and to the fire of the west, which receives every setting of the sun.5 And I came to a river of fire, whose fire flows like water, and is emptied into a great sea which is towards the west.6 And I saw all the great rivers, and came to a great darkness, and went there, where no flesh walks.7 And I saw the mountains of the black clouds of winter, and the place to which all the waters of the deep flow.8 And I saw the mouths of all the rivers of the earth and the mouth of the deep.
1 And I saw the store houses of all the winds, and I saw how He had ornamented all the creation and the foundations of the earth with them.2 And I saw the cornerstone of the earth, and I saw the four winds which support the earth and the firmament of the heavens.3 And I saw how the winds expand the heights of the heavens; and they remained between heaven and earth, and they are pillars of heaven.4 And I saw the winds which turn the heavens, which lead down the course of the sun and all the stars.5 And I saw the winds upon the earth which carry the clouds, and I saw the paths of the angels; I saw at the end of the earth the firmament of the heavens above.6 And I proceeded towards the south; and it burns day and night there, where there are seven hills of precious stones: three towards the east, three towards the south.7 But of those towards the east, one was of colored stone, one was of pearls, and one was of jacinth; and those towards the south were of red stone.8 But the middle one reached up to heaven, like the throne of God, of alabaster, and the summit of the throne was of sapphire.
9 And I saw a burning fire which was in all the hills.10 And there I saw a place, beyond the great earth; and the waters were collected there.11 And I saw a great abyss in the earth, with columns of heavenly fire; and I saw among them columns of fire which fall, and are without number, either towards the height or towards the depth.12 And over the abyss I saw a place which had no firmament of heaven above it, and no foundation of earth beneath it, and no water above it, and no birds upon it; it was a void place.
13 And there I saw a terrible thing: seven stars, like great burning mountains, and like spirits, that petitioned me.14 The angel said, “This is the place of the consummation of heaven and earth; it is a prison for the stars of heaven, and for the host of heaven.15 And the stars that roll over the fire are they who have transgressed the command of God before their rising, because they did not come forth in their time.16 And He was angry with them, and bound them until the time of the consummation of their sins in the year of the mystery.”
1 And Uriel said to me, “Here will stand the souls of those angels who have united themselves with women, and having assumed many different forms, and have contaminated mankind, and have led them astray, so that they brought offerings to the demons as to gods, namely on the day when the great judgment, on which they will be judged, shall be consummated.2 And the wives also of the angels who went astray will be like their friends.”
3 And I, Enoch, alone saw this vision, the ends of all; and no man has seen them as I have seen them.
1 And these are the names of the holy angels who watch:2 Uriel, one of the holy angels, who presides over Tartarus; 73 Raphael, one of the holy angels, who presides over the spirits of men;4 Raguel, one of the holy angels, who takes vengeance on the earth and the luminaries;5 Michael, one of the holy angels, namely set over the best part of mankind, over the nations;6 Saraqiel, one of the holy angels, who presides over the spirits of the children of men who sin in the spirit;7 Gabriel, one of the holy angels, who presides over the serpents, over Paradise, and over the Cherubim;8 and Remiel, one of the holy angels, whom God set over those who rise.
1 And I went around to a place where nothing was happening.2 And I saw there something terrible: there was no high heavens, and no founded earth, but a void place, both awful and terrible.3 And there I saw seven stars of heaven, bound together in it, like great mountains, and flaming as if by fire.4 At that time I said, “For what sin are these bound, and why have they been cast here?”
5 And then Uriel, one of the holy angels, who was with me, conducting me, answered, and said to me, “Enoch, why do you ask, and why do you reason with yourself, and anxiously inquire?6 These are the stars who have transgressed the command of God, the Highest, and are bound here until ten thousand years, the number of the days of their sins, shall be consummated.”
7 And from there I went to another place which was still more terrible than the former. And I saw a terrible thing: a great fire was there, which burned and flickered, and appeared in sections; it was bound by a complete abyss, and great columns of fire were allowed to fall into it. I could not see its extent and size, and I was unable to see where it began.8 At that time I said, “How terrible this place is, and painful to look at!”
9 Then Uriel, one of the holy angels, who was with me, answered, and said to me, “Enoch, why is there such fear and terror in you concerning this terrible place, and in the presence of this pain?”10 And he said to me, “This is the prison of the angels, and here they are held to eternity.”
1 And from here I went to another place, and he showed me in the west a great and high chain of mountains, and hard rocks.2 And there were four hollow places in it that were deep and very smooth: three of them were dark, and one was bright; and there was a fountain of water in its midst. And I said, “How smooth are these hollow places, and how deep and dark it is to view them.” 8
3 And this time, Raphael, one of the holy angels, who was with me, answered, and said to me, “These beautiful places are intended for this, that upon them may be assembled the spirits, the souls of the dead; for they have been created, that all the souls of the sons of men might be assembled here.4 These places have been made their dwellings 9 until the day of their judgment, and to their fixed period; and this period is long, until the great judgment will come over them.”
5 I saw the spirit of a man who had died, making petition, and his voice went forth to heaven, and made petition.6 And I asked the angel Raphael, who was with me, and said to him, “Whose spirit is this which makes petition– whose voice goes forth, and makes suit to heaven?” 10
7 And he answered me, saying, “That is the spirit that proceeded from Abel, whom his brother Cain slew; and it laments on his account until his seed is destroyed from the face of the earth, and his seed disappears from among the seed of men.”
8 Then I asked, regarding all the hollow places, “Why is one separated from the other?”
9 And he answered me, saying, “These three have been made so that the spirits of the dead might be separated. And this division has been made for the spirits of the righteous, in which there is the bright spring of water.10 And this has been made for sinners when they die, and are buried in the earth, and judgment has not been executed upon them in their lifetime.11 Here their spirits shall be set apart in this great pain, until the great day of judgment, scourging, and torments of the accursed forever, so that there may be retribution for their spirits; and He shall bind them there forever.12 And this division has been made for the spirits of those who make their petition, who lament over their destruction, when they were slain in the days of the sinners.13 And this has been made for the spirits of men who shall not be righteous, but sinners, who are godless, and of the lawless they shall be companions; but their spirits shall not be punished in the day of judgment, nor shall they be raised from there.”
14 Then I blessed the Lord of Glory, and said, “Blessed are You, Lord of Righteousness, who rules over the world.” 11
1 And from there I went to another place towards the west, to the ends of the earth.2 And I saw a flaming fire, which ran without resting, and did not cease from its course day or night, but continued regularly.
3 And I asked, saying, “What is this which does not rest?”
4 At that time Raguel, one of the holy angels, who was with me, answered, and said to me, “That burning fire which you saw running towards the west is the fire of all the luminaries of heaven.”
1 And from there I went to another place of the earth; and he showed me a mountain range of fire, which flamed day and night.2 And I went towards it and saw seven magnificent mountains, each one different from the other, and the stones thereof were magnificent and beautiful, with everything magnificent and fine in appearance. They were of beautiful surface, with three towards the east, one founded upon the other; and three towards the south, one founded upon the other; with ravines, deep and winding, not one joining with the other.3 And the seventh hill was between them; and in their heights they were all like the seats of a throne, and surrounded with fragrant trees.4 And among them was a tree, such as I had never smelled before, neither among these nor among others; nor was there a fragrance like its. Its leaves and buds and wood do not wither in eternity; its fruit is beautiful, like the fruit of the vine and the dates of the palm tree.
5 And at that time I said, “Behold, this is a beautiful tree, and beautiful to look at; and its leaves are fair, and its fruit is very pleasant to the eye.”
6 Then Michael, one of the holy and honored angels, who was with me, who was over them, answered me.
1 And he said to me, “Enoch, why do you ask me about the fragrance of this tree, and why do you wish to know?”
2 Then I, Enoch, answered him, saying, “I desire to know about all these things, but especially about this tree.”
3 And he answered me, saying, “This high mountain which you have seen, whose summit is like the throne of God, is the throne where the Great and Holy One, the Lord of Glory, the Eternal King, will sit when He shall descend to visit the earth with goodness.4 And this tree of beautiful fragrance cannot be touched by any flesh, until the time of the great judgment; when all things will be atoned for and consummated for eternity, then this will be given to the righteous and humble.5 From its fruits, life will be given to the chosen; it will be planted towards the north, in a holy place, towards the House of the Lord, the Eternal King.6 Then they will greatly rejoice, and will be glad in the Holy One; they will let its fragrance enter their bones, and live a long life upon the earth, as your fathers lived; and in their days no sorrow or sickness or trouble or affliction will touch them.”
7 Then I blessed the Lord of Glory, the Eternal King, because He had prepared it for the righteous men, and had created it, and said He would give it to them.
1 And from here I went to the middle of the earth, and saw a place, blessed and fruitful, where there were branches which rooted in and sprouted out from a tree that had been cut.2 And here I saw a holy mountain, and beneath the mountain, towards the east, water which flowed towards the south.3 And I saw towards the east another mountain of the same height, and between them was a deep valley, but not broad; and in it, water also flowed along the mountain.4 And towards the west of this was another mountain, lower than the former, and of small elevation; and between them ran a valley below; and other deep and sterile valleys were at the end of the three.5 And all the valleys were deep, but not broad, and were formed of hard rock. And trees were planted upon them.6 And I was astonished at the rocks, and I was astonished at the valley; yes, I was astonished very much.
1 Then I said, “What is the meaning of this blessed land, which is entirely filled with trees, and this cursed valley between them?”
2 Then answered Uriel, one of the holy angels, who was with me, and said to me, “This cursed valley is for those who will be cursed to eternity, and all those who have spoken with their mouths harsh words against God, and speak insolently of His glory, will be assembled here. Here shall they be gathered together, and here shall be the place of their habitation.3 It shall be here, in the latter days, in the days of the true judgment in the presence of the righteous forever, that the godly shall bless the Lord of Glory, the Eternal King. 124 And in the days of their judgment they will bless Him for His mercy, according to which He has assigned to them their lot.”
5 Then I blessed the Lord of Glory, and spoke to Him, and remembered His greatness, as it is fitting.
1 And from here I went towards the east, into the midst of the mountains of the desert, and saw only a plain.2 But it was filled with trees of this seed, and water dropped down over it from above.3 It was seen that the water which rushed up was strong, as towards the northwest, and as in all places, so water and dew also ascended from here.
1 And I went to another place, away from the desert, approaching the east of the mountains.2 And there I saw choice trees, especially those that emitted the fragrance of frankincense and myrrh, and they were not like ordinary trees.
1 And above, beyond these, over the eastern mountain, not far off, I saw another place, valleys full of water that does not dry up.2 And I saw a beautiful tree, and its fragrance was like that of a mastic.3 And along the edges of these valleys, I saw fragrant cinnamon. And I advanced beyond these towards the east.
1 And I saw another mountain in which were trees from which water flowed, and it flowed like nectar, which is called Sarira and Galbanum.2 And beyond this mountain I saw another mountain, to the east of the ends of the earth, on which were aloe trees; and these trees were full, like almonds, and were strong.3 And in taking that fruit, it was better than all the fragrances.
1 And beyond those mountains, toward the north, on their eastern side, I beheld other mountains, full of choice spikenard, fragrant trees, cinnamon, and pepper. 132 And from here I went over the summits of those mountains, far towards the east, and passed far above the Erythraean Sea, 14 and went far from it and passed over the darkness, far from it. 153 And I came into the Garden of Righteousness, and I saw the mingled diversity of those trees; many large trees are planted there, of attractive beauty, and large, beautiful, and magnificent. The Tree of Wisdom is also there; and eating of it, one learns great wisdom.4 It is like the carob tree, and its fruit is like very beautiful grapes; the fragrance of this tree goes out, and is spread far.
5 And I said, “How beautiful is this tree, and how pleasant to look at!”
6 Then the holy angel Raphael, who was with me, answered, and said to me, “This is the Tree of Wisdom from which your old father and your aged mother, who were before you, ate, and they learned wisdom, and their eyes were opened; and they learned that they were naked, and were driven out of the garden.”
1 And from here I went to the ends of the earth, and saw great animals there, and one differed from the other, and the birds differed as to their appearance, their beauty and voices, one differed from the other.2 And to the east of these animals, I saw the ends of the earth, where the heavens rest, and the gates of the heavens open.3 And I saw where the stars come out from heaven, and I counted the gates out of which they come, and I wrote down all their outlets, each one, according to their number and their names, their connections, their positions, their times, and their months, as the angel Uriel, who was with me, showed them to me.4 He showed all things to me, and wrote them down for me; he also wrote their names for me, as well as their laws and their deeds.
1 And from here I went towards the north, to the ends of the earth, and there I saw a great and magnificent wonder, at the ends of the whole earth.2 There I saw three gates of heaven open in the heavens; from each of them proceed north winds; and when one of them blows, there is cold, hail, frost, snow, dew, and rain.3 And out of one of the gates it blows for good; but when it blows from the two other gates, it blows with power, and there is misfortune upon the earth, and they blow with great power.
1 And from here I went towards the west, to the ends of the earth, and saw there three open gates, as I had seen in the north, similar gates and similar outlets.
1 And from here I went towards the south, to the ends of the earth, and there I saw three open gates of heaven; out of them come the south wind and dew and rain and wind.2 And from here I went towards the east to the ends of the heavens, and there I saw the three gates of heaven open towards the east, and over them small gates.3 Through each one of these small gates the stars of the heavens come and go every evening on the path which is shown to them.4 And as I looked, I blessed, and so each time I blessed the Lord of Glory, who had made the great and glorious wonders, to show the greatness of His work to the angels and to the souls of men, that they might praise His work, and that all His creatures might see the works of His might, and praise the great work of His hand, and bless Him to eternity.
1 Jude 1:14-15.
2 Generally following the list of names preserved in the Aramaic of the Dead Sea Scrolls. (4Q201) Both the Greek and Ethiopic texts only contain the names of nineteen fallen angels in 6:7, whereas the Aramaic text explicitly lists twenty names, corroborating the mention of two hundred angels who followed them in 6:8: twenty leaders, with ten followers each.
3 Other manuscripts and translations give a measurement of “three thousand ells.” Both measurements are likely exaggerated.
4 See Revelation 6:10.
5 Literally “to the right.”
6 Literally “the evening side.”
7 Following the Greek. The Ethiopic has “thunder and trembling.” See 2 Peter 2:4.
8 Enoch 22:2 follows the Greek text of the Akhmim fragments. The Ethiopian has “…and four beautiful places. And beneath them there were places deep and broad and entirely smooth, as smooth as if a thing were rolled, and deep and dark to look at.”
9 The Aramaic of the Dead Sea Scrolls (4Q206) has “prison” in place of “dwellings.”
10 Enoch 22:5-6 follows the Greek text of the Akhmim fragments. The Ethiopian has “And I saw the spirits of the children of men who had died, and their voices reached up to heaven, and lamented. At that time I asked the angel Raphael, who was with me, and said to him, ‘Whose soul is that one whose voice thus reaches to heaven and laments?’” The Aramaic of the Dead Sea Scrolls (4Q206) agrees with the Greek’s use of a singular “man who had died” versus the Ethiopic’s plural “men who had died.”
11 Enoch 22:8-14 follows the Greek text of the Akhmim fragments. The Ethiopian has “And at that time I therefore asked concerning him, and concerning the judgment of all, and said: ‘Why is one separated from the other?’ And he answered and said to me: ‘These three apartments are made in order to separate the souls of the dead. And thus are the souls of the just separated: there is a spring of water, above it, light. And thus also is one such apartment made for the sinners when they die, and are buried in the earth, without a judgment having been passed upon them during their lives. Here their souls are separated in this great affliction until the great day of judgment and punishment and affliction upon the revilers to eternity, and the vengeance for their souls, and here he binds them to eternity. And if it was before eternity, then this apartment has been made for the souls of those who lament and those who reveal their destruction when they were killed in the days of the sinners. And thus it has been created for the souls of men who were not just, but sinners, who were complete in their crimes; and they will be with criminals like themselves; but their souls will not be killed on the day of judgment and will not be taken from here.’ At that time I blessed the Lord of glory, and said: ‘Blessed is my Lord, the Lord of glory and of justice, who rules all things to eternity!’”
12 Enoch 27:2b-3 follows the Greek text of the Akhmim fragments. The Ethiopian has “Here they will be assembled, and here will be their judgment. And in the latter days there will be the spectacle of a just judgment upon them in the presence of the just, in eternity forever; for this reason they who have found mercy will bless the Lord of glory, the Eternal King.”
13 Following the Aramaic text of the Dead Sea Scrolls. (4Q206) The Greek text of the Akhmim fragments has “To the north-east I beheld seven mountains full of choice nard and mastic and cinnamon and pepper.” The Ethiopic text has “And after these odors, as I looked towards the north, over the mountains, I saw seven mountains full of pleasant nard and fragrant trees and cinnamon and pepper.”
14 More commonly known as the Red Sea.
15 Following the Aramaic text of the Dead Sea Scrolls. (4Q206) The Ethiopic text has “the angel Zotiel,” a figure otherwise unknown.
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