The Book of Ruth

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Chapter One

1 And it came to pass in the days when the judges judged, that there was a famine in the land. And a certain man of Bethlehem in Judah went to sojourn in the field of Moab, he, and his wife, and his two sons. 2 And the name of the man was Elimelech, and the name of his wife was Naomi, and the name of his two sons were Mahlon and Chilion, Ephrathites of Bethlehem in Judah. And they came into the field of Moab, and continued there. 3 And Elimelech, Naomi’s husband, died; and she was left, and her two sons. 4 And they took them wives from the women of Moab: the name of the one was Orpah, and the name of the other Ruth; and they dwelt there for about ten years. 5 And both Mahlon and Chilion died; and the woman was deprived of her two children and of her husband.

6 Then she arose with her daughters-in-law, that she might return from the field of Moab; for she had heard in the field of Moab how the LORD had remembered His people in giving them bread. 7 And she went forth out of the place where she was, along with her two daughters-in-law; and they went on the way to return to the land of Judah.

8 And Naomi said to her two daughters-in-law, “Go; each of you shall return to her mother’s house; may the LORD deal kindly with you, as you have dealt with the dead, and with me. 9 May the LORD grant that you find rest, each of you in the house of her husband.” Then she kissed them; and they lifted up their voice, and wept.

10 And they said to her, “No, but we will return with you to your people.”

11 And Naomi said, “Turn back, my daughters; why will you go with me? Do I still have sons in my womb, that they may be your husbands? 12 Turn back, my daughters, and go your way; for I am too old to have a husband. If I should say, ‘I have hope!’ And should I even have a husband tonight, and also even bear sons, 13 would you wait for them until they were grown? Would you shut yourselves off for them, and have no husbands? No, my daughters; for it grieves me greatly for your sakes, for the hand of the LORD has gone forth against me.”

14 And they lifted up their voices, and wept again; and Orpah kissed her mother-in-law; 1 but Ruth clung to her. 15 And she said, ‘Behold, your sister-in-law has gone back to her people, and to her god; return after your sister-in-law.”

16 And Ruth said, “Do not plead with me to leave you, and to return from following after you; for I will go to where you go, and I will lodge where you lodge; your people shall be my people, and your God shall be my God. 17 I will die where you die, and I will be buried there; may the LORD do to me, and more also, if anything but death parts you and me.” 18 And when she saw that she was intent to go with her, she finished speaking to her. 19 So the two of them went until they came to Bethlehem.

And it came to pass, when they had come to Bethlehem, that all the city was stirred up because of them. And the women said, “Is this Naomi?”

20 And she said to them, “Do not call me ‘Naomi,’ but call me ‘Marah;’ for the Almighty has dealt very bitterly with me. 21 I went out full, and the LORD has brought me back home empty; why do you call me ‘Naomi,’ seeing that the LORD has testified against me, and the Almighty has afflicted me?” 22 So Naomi returned, and Ruth the Moabitess, her daughter-in-law, with her, who returned out of the field of Moab. And they came to Bethlehem in the beginning of barley harvest.

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Chapter Two

1 And Naomi had a kinsman of her husband’s, a mighty man of valor, of the family of Elimelech; and his name was Boaz. 2 And Ruth the Moabitess said to Naomi, “Let me now go to the field, and glean among the ears of corn after him in whose sight I shall find favor.”

And she said to her, “Go, my daughter.”

3 And she went, and came and gleaned in the field after the reapers; and she happened to enter the portion of the field belonging to Boaz, who was of the family of Elimelech. 4 And, behold, Boaz came from Bethlehem, and said to the reapers, “May the LORD be with you.”

And they answered him, “May the LORD bless you.”

5 Then Boaz said to his servant that was set over the reapers, “Whose damsel is this?”

6 And the servant that was set over the reapers answered, and said, “It is a Moabitish damsel that has come back with Naomi out of the field of Moab; 7 and she said, ‘Let me glean, I ask of you, and gather after the reapers among the sheaves;’ so she came, and has continued, even from the morning until now, except that she waits a little in the house.”

8 Then Boaz said to Ruth, “Have you not heard, my daughter? Do not go to glean in another field, neither pass on from here; but remain here securely by my maidens. 9 Let your eyes be on the field that they reap, and go after them; have I not instructed the young men that they shall not touch you? And when you are thirsty, go to the vessels, and drink from that which the young men have drawn.”

10 Then she fell on her face, and bowed down to the ground, and said to him, “Why have I found favor in your sight, that you should take notice of me, seeing that I am a foreigner?”

11 And Boaz answered, and said to her, “It has been fully told to me all that you have done for your mother-in-law since the death of your husband, and how you have left your father and your mother, and the land of your nativity, and have come to a people that you have not known before. 12 May the LORD repay your work, and may your reward be complete from the LORD, the God of Israel, under whose wings you have come to take refuge.”

13 Then she said, “Let me find favor in your sight, my lord; for you have comforted me, and you have spoken to the heart of your handmaid, though I am not as one of your handmaidens.”

14 And Boaz said to her at meal time, “Come here, and eat some of the bread, and dip your morsel in the vinegar.” And she sat beside the reapers; and he handed her parched corn, and she ate and was satisfied, and left it.

15 And when she had risen up to glean, Boaz commanded his young men, saying, “Let her glean even among the sheaves, and do not put her to shame. 16 And also purposefully pull out some for her from the bundles, and leave it, and let her glean, and do not rebuke her.” 17 So she gleaned in the field until the evening; and she beat out that which she had gleaned, and it was about an ephah of barley. 18 And she took it up, and went into the city. And her mother-in-law saw what she had gleaned; and she brought it forth, and gave to her that which she had left after she was satisfied. 19 And her mother-in-law said to her, “Where have you gleaned today? And where did you work? Blessed is he that took knowledge of you.”

And she told her mother-in-law with whom she had worked, and said, “The man’s name with whom I worked today is Boaz.”

20 And Naomi said to her daughter-in-law, “Blessed is he of the LORD, who has not left off His kindness to the living and to the dead.” And Naomi said to her, “The man is a near of kin to us, one of our kinsmen.”

21 And Ruth the Moabitess said, “Yes, he said to me, ‘You shall stay close to my young men, until they have finished all my harvest.’”

22 And Naomi said to Ruth her daughter-in-law, “It is good, my daughter, that you go out with his maidens, and that you are not found in any other field.” 2

23 So she kept close by the maidens of Boaz to glean to the finish of barley harvest and of wheat harvest; and she dwelt with her mother-in-law.

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Chapter Three

1 And Naomi her mother-in-law said to her, “My daughter, shall I not seek rest for you, that it may be well with you? 2 And now is there not Boaz our kinsman, with whose maidens you were? Behold, he winnows barley tonight in the threshing floor. 3 Wash yourself therefore, and anoint yourself, and put your clothing on yourself, and get yourself down to the threshing floor; but do not make yourself known to the man, until he has finished eating and drinking. 4 And it shall be, when he lies down, that you shall mark the place where he shall lie, and you shall go in, and uncover his feet, and lay yourself down; and he will tell you what you shall do.”

5 And she said to her, “I will do all that you say to me.” 6 And she went down to the threshing floor, and did all that her mother-in-law instructed her.

7 And when Boaz had eaten and drunk, and his heart was merry, he went to lie down at the end of the heap of corn; and she came softly, and uncovered his feet, and laid herself down. 8 And it came to pass at midnight, that the man was startled, and turned himself; and, behold, a woman lay at his feet. 9 And he said, “Who are you?” And she answered, “I am Ruth your handmaid; spread your skirt over your handmaid, therefore; for you are a near kinsman.”

10 And he said, “Blessed are you of the LORD, my daughter; you have shown more kindness in the end than at the beginning, for you did not follow the young men, whether poor or rich. 11 And now, my daughter, do not be afraid; I will do to you all that you have said; for all the men in the gate 3 of my people know that you are a virtuous woman. 12 And now it is true that I am a near kinsman; however, there is a kinsman that is nearer than I. 13 Wait this night, and it shall be in the morning, that if he will perform the part of a kinsman to you, then it is well; let him do the kinsman’s part. But if he is not willing to do the part of a kinsman to you, then I will do the part of a kinsman to you, as the LORD lives. Now lie down until the morning.”

14 And she lay at his feet until the morning; and she rose up before one could discern another. For he said, “Do not let it be known that the woman 4 came to the threshing floor.” 5 15 And he said, “Bring the mantle that is on yourself, and hold it.” And she held it; and he measured six measures of barley, and laid it on her; and he went into the city.

16 And when she came to her mother-in-law, she said, “Who 6 are you, my daughter?” 7

And she told her all that the man had done to her. 17 And she said, “He gave me these six measures of barley; for he said to me, ‘Do not go empty handed to your mother-in-law.’”

18 Then she said, “Sit still, my daughter, until you know how the matter will fall; for the man will not rest, until he has finished this matter today.”

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Chapter Four

1 Now Boaz went up to the gate, and sat him down there; and, behold, the near kinsman of whom Boaz spoke came by, to whom he said, “Come, friend! Turn aside, sit down here.” And he turned aside, and sat down. 2 And he took ten men of the elders of the city, and said, “Sit down here.” And they sat down. 3 And he said to the near kinsman, “Naomi, that has come back out of the field of Moab, is selling the parcel of land which was our brother Elimelech’s; 4 and I thought to disclose it to you, saying, ‘Buy it before them that sit here, and before the elders of my people. If you ill redeem it, then redeem it; but if it will not be redeemed, then tell me, so that I may know; for there is no one to redeem it beside yourself, and I am after you.’”

And he said, “I will redeem it.”

5 Then Boaz said, “The day you buy the field from the hand of Naomi, have you also bought from Ruth the Moabitess, the wife of the dead, to raise up the name of the dead upon his inheritance?”

6 And the near kinsman said, “I cannot redeem it for myself, lest I mar my own inheritance. Take my right of redemption for yourself; for I cannot redeem it.”

7 (Now this was the custom in former times in Israel to confirm all things regarding redeeming and exchanging: a man drew off his shoe, and gave it to his neighbor; 8 and this was the attestation in Israel.)

8 So the near kinsman said to Boaz, “Buy it for yourself.” And he drew off his shoe.

9 And Boaz said to the elders, and to all the people, “You are witnesses this day, that I have bought all that was Elimelech’s, and all that was Chilion’s and Mahlon’s, from the hand of Naomi. 10 Moreover, I have acquired Ruth the Moabitess, the wife of Mahlon, to be my wife, to raise up the name of the dead on his inheritance, that the name of the dead be not cut off from among his brethren, and from the gate of his place. You are witnesses this day.”

11 And all the people that were in the gate, and the elders, said, “We are witnesses. May the LORD make the woman that has come into your house like Rachel and like Leah, who both built the house of Israel; and may you do worthily in Ephrath, and be famous in Bethlehem; 12 and let your house be like the house of Perez, whom Tamar bore to Judah, from the seed which the LORD shall give you of this young woman.”

13 So Boaz took Ruth, and she became his wife; and he went in to her, and the LORD gave her conception, and she bore a son. 14 And the women said to Naomi, “Blessed be the LORD, who has not left you this day without a near kinsman, and let his name be famous in Israel. 15 And he shall be a restorer of life to you, and one who nourishes your old age; for your daughter-in-law, who loves you, who is better to you than seven sons, has borne him.”

16 And Naomi took the child, and laid it in her bosom, and became nurse to it. 17 And the women, her neighbors, gave it a name, saying, “There is a son born to Naomi.” And they called his name Obed. He is the father of Jesse, the father of David.

18 Now these are the generations of Perez: Perez became the father of Hezron; 19 and Hezron became the father of Ram, and Ram became the father of Amminadab; 20 and Amminadab became the father of Nahshon, and Nahshon became the father of Salmon; 21 and Salmon became the father of Boaz, and Boaz became the father of Obed; 22 and Obed became the father of Jesse, and Jesse became the father of David.

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Footnotes

1 LXX adds “and returned to her people.” AP adds “turned back, and went away.”

2 AP has “and that no man harmed you in the field, whose owner you did not know.”

3 AP has “family.” LXX has “tribe.”

4 DSS has “she.”

5 AP has “And she said to him, ‘Do not let it be known that I came down to you to the threshing floor.’”

6 DSS has “how.”

7 LXX has simply “My daughter!” as an expression, not a question.

8 AP has “gave it to another.” LXX adds “that redeemed his right.”

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