Yeshua and the Talmud

This is an ongoing comparison between the teachings of Yeshua of Nazareth and those of the Pharisaic Rabbis. Even if the thoughts represented here are not word-for-word exact matches, there are very clearly still some strong parallels here between the two columns.

 

Rabbinic Teachings

Yeshua’s Teachings

Avot 1:1, “Be deliberate in judgment, raise up many disciples, and make a fence around the Torah.” Matthew 28:19, “Go, and make disciples of all nations in My Name, teaching them to observe all things, whatsoever I have commanded you.” (Translated from the Shem Tov Hebrew Matthew and the Good News according to the Hebrews.)
Avot 1:2, “On three things the world stands: on the Torah, and on the Worship, and on the bestowal of Kindnesses.” Matthew 5:18, “Until heaven and earth pass away, not even one smallest letter or one tiny pen stroke shall in any way pass away from the Torah, until all things are accomplished.”

Matthew 25:34-36, 40; “I was hungry, and you gave Me food to eat. I was thirsty, and you gave Me drink. I was a stranger, and you took Me in. I was naked, and you clothed Me. I was sick, and you visited Me. I was in prison, and you came to Me… Most certainly I tell you, inasmuch as you did it to one of the least of these My brothers, you did it to Me.”

Avot 1:5, “Each time a man prolongs conversation with women (a woman who is the wife of his neighbor) he causes evil to himself; he desists from words of Torah, and in the end he inherits Gehinnom.” Matthew 5:28-29, “Everyone who gazes at a woman to lust after her has committed adultery with her already in his heart. If your right eye causes you to stumble, pluck it out and throw it away from you. For it is more profitable for you that one of your members should perish, than for your whole body to be cast into Gehinnom.”
Avot 2:4, “Do His will as if it were your will, that He may do your will as if it were His will. Annul your will before His will, that He may annul the will of others before your will.” Matthew 6:10, “Let Your will be done, as in heaven, so on earth.”

Matthew 26:39, “My Father, if it is possible, let this cup pass away from Me; nevertheless, not what I desire, but what You desire.”

Avot 2:15, “The day is short, the task is great, the workmen are sluggish, the reward is much, and the Master of the house is urgent.” Matthew 9:37-38, “The harvest indeed is plentiful, but the laborers are few. Pray therefore that the Lord of the harvest will send out laborers into His harvest.”
Avot 3:2, “Two that sit together and are occupied in words of Torah have the Shekinah among them…”

Avot 3:2, “Three that have eaten at one table, and have said over it words of Torah, are as if they had eaten of the table of God…”

Matthew 18:19-20, “Again, assuredly I tell you, that if two of you will agree on earth concerning anything that they will ask, it will be done for them by My Father who is in heaven. For where two or three are gathered together in My name, there I am in their midst.”
Avot 3:5, “Whoever receives upon him the yoke of Torah removes from himself the yoke of royalty and the yoke of worldly care. Whoever breaks from him the yoke of Torah lays upon himself the yoke of royalty and the yoke of worldly care.” Matthew 11:28-30, “Come to Me, all you who labor and are heavily burdened, and I will give you rest. Take My yoke upon you, and learn from Me, for I am gentle and lowly in heart; and you will find rest for your souls. For My yoke is easy, and My burden is light.”
Avot 5:18, “Whoever causes many to be righteous, sin does not prevail over him. Whosoever causes many to sin, he is not granted the opportunity to repent.” Matthew 5:19, “Whoever, therefore, shall break one of these least commandments, and teach others to do so, shall be called least in the Kingdom of Heaven; but whoever shall do and teach them shall be called great in the Kingdom of Heaven.”
Arachin 16b, “Do not hate your brother in your heart.” Matthew 5:23-24, “If therefore you are offering your gift at the altar, and there remember that your brother has anything against you, leave your gift there before the altar, and go your way. First be reconciled to your brother, and then come and offer your gift.”
Arachin 16b, “I wonder whether there is anyone in this generation who accepts reproof, for if one says to him, ‘Remove the mote from between your eyes,’ he would answer, ‘Remove the beam from between your eyes!’” Matthew 7:3-5, “Why do you see the speck in your brother’s eye, but do not consider the beam in your own eye? How will you tell your brother, ‘Let me remove the speck from your eye;’ and behold, the beam is in your own eye? You hypocrite! First remove the beam out of your own eye, and then you can see clearly to remove the speck out of your brother’s eye.”
Shabbat 31a, “What is hateful to you, do not to your neighbor. That is the whole Torah, while the rest is the commentary thereof; go and learn it.” Matthew 7:12, “Whatever you desire for men to do to you, you shall also do to them; for this is the Torah and the Prophets.”
Shabbat 127b, “He who judges his neighbor in the scale of merit is himself judged favorably.” Matthew 7:1-2, “Do not judge, so that you will not be judged; for with whatever judgment you judge, you will be judged…”
Shabbat 151b, “He who is merciful to others, mercy is shown to him by Heaven, while he who is not merciful to others, mercy is not shown to him by Heaven.” Matthew 5:7, “Blessed are the merciful, for they shall obtain mercy.”
Sotah 8b, “In the measure with which a man measures it is measured out to him.” Matthew 7:2, “…with whatever measure you measure, it will be measured to you.”
Sotah 48b, “Whoever has a piece of bread in his basket, and says, ‘What shall I eat tomorrow?’ belongs only to them who are little in faith.” Matthew 6:30-31, “If God so clothes the grass of the field, which today exists, and tomorrow is thrown into the oven, will He not much more clothe you, you of little faith? Therefore do not be anxious, saying, ‘What will we eat?’ Or, ‘What will we drink?’”
Baba Mezi’a 49a, “Your ‘yes’ should be just, and your ‘no’ should be just… That means that one must not speak one thing with the mouth and another with the heart.” Matthew 5:37, “Let your ‘Yes’ be ‘Yes’ and your ‘No’ be ‘No.’ Whatever is more than these is of the evil one.”
Baba Bathra 9b, “A man who gives charity in secret is greater than Moses our Teacher…” Matthew 6:1-4, “…Do not do your charitable giving before men, to be seen by them, or else you have no reward from your Father who is in heaven…”
Berachot 61a, “A man’s words should always be few in addressing the Holy One… for God is in heaven, and you are upon earth; therefore let your words be few.” Matthew 6:7-8, “In praying, do not use vain repetitions, as the nations do; for they think that they will be heard for their much speaking. Therefore do not be like them, for your Father knows what things you need, before you ask Him.”
Rosh Hashana 17a, “He who forgoes his right to exact punishment is forgiven all his iniquities, as it says, ‘Forgiving iniquity and passing by transgression.’ Who is forgiven iniquity? One who passes by transgression against himself.” Matthew 6:14-15, “If you forgive men their trespasses, your heavenly Father will also forgive you. But if you do not forgive men their trespasses, neither will your Father forgive your trespasses.”
Yoma 85b, “If circumcision, which attaches to one only of the two hundred and forty-eight members of the human body, suspends the Sabbath, how much more shall the saving of the whole body suspend the Sabbath!” John 7:22-23, “On the Sabbath you circumcise a boy. If a boy receives circumcision on the Sabbath, that the Torah of Moses may not be broken, are you angry with me, because I made a man completely healthy on the Sabbath?”
Yoma 85b, “It (the Sabbath) is committed to your hands, not you to its hands.” Mark 2:27, “The Sabbath was made for man, not man for the Sabbath.”
Sukkah 49b, “If in matters which are normally performed publicly the Torah enjoins ‘to walk humbly’, how much more so in matters that are normally done privately?” Matthew 6:2-4, “When you do merciful deeds, do not sound a trumpet before yourself, as the hypocrites do… that they may get glory from men… they have received their reward. But when you do merciful deeds, do not let your left hand know what your right hand does, so that your merciful deeds may be in secret, then your Father who sees in secret will reward you openly.”

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